War profiteer companies https://www.wri-irg.org/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies en New UN report explores who is funding and arming Myanmar’s military https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/new-un-report-explores-who-funding-and-arming-myanmars-military <div data-history-node-id="41780" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <!--[if IE 9]><video style="display: none;"><![endif]--> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2019-08/42457494320_2e4a779201_k.jpg?itok=-n1x5ldr 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-08/42457494320_2e4a779201_k.jpg?itok=QXwCeHOE 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!--[if IE 9]></video><![endif]--> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-08/42457494320_2e4a779201_k.jpg?itok=QXwCeHOE" alt="A protest in solidarity with the Rohingya community in 2018. In the middle of a crowd someone is holding a sign saying &quot;United Nations Act Now&quot;" title="A solidarity protest in Canada in 2018. Photo: Mike Gifford/Flickr, CC2.0" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">A solidarity protest in Canada in 2018. Photo: Mike Gifford/Flickr, CC2.0</div> <time > 13 Aug 2019</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>A UN report released in early August said that arms companies from seven countries, including North Korea, Russia, China, Israel and India have supplied weapons to the military in Myanmar, and that dozens of companies in Myanmar donated over $10 million in response to a call for funds to support the genocide against the Rohingya community in 2016 and 2017, when the army expelled around 700,000 Rohingya from Myanmar. The report also calls for sanctions and an arms embargo of the Myanmar military, which is also known as the Tatmadaw.</p> <p>The donations raised from companies in Myanmar included those raised at a ceremony in September 2017, a week after soldiers began storming villagers. Al Jazeera reported that Myanmar’s military chief Min Aung Hlaing <a href="https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/08/calls-sanctions-arms-embargo-myanmar-army-190806011519378.html">attended the event and raised over $1.4m</a>.</p> <p>The weapons from North Korea included <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/north-korea-china-and-russia-are-arming-myanmars-military-despite-genocide-accusations-un-report-finds/2019/08/05/f4dd49d0-b531-11e9-acc8-1d847bacca73_story.html">rocket launchers and surface-to-air missiles</a> were sold by the state-owned company Korea Mining Development Trading Corp., which is subject to UN security council sanctions.</p> <p>The Russian state-owned company Irkutsk Corporation sold 12 Yakovlev Yak-130 training/light fighter aircraft in 2016, and the company Russian Helicopters Holding carried out repairs on four Mi24P attack and transport helicopters for the Myanmar Air Force. The UN’s report claims that “the Mission received credible reports that the Tatmadaw used Mil Mi-35 helicopter gunships” in an attack in January 2018 in which civilians were killed and property destroyed.</p> <p>In May 2017 the Chinese state-owned company China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation supplied SY-400 short range surface-to-surface missile systems, and in November 2018 the Myanmar Air Force received one of six JF-17M “Thunder” combat aircraft, as part of a $560m 2015 contract with the state-owned Aviation Industry Corporation of China.</p> <p>Ukrainian us also involved in supplying arms to Myanmar. In 2019 it was reported that two state-owned companies, Ukrspetsexport and Ukroboronprom, had begun an arms manufacturing deal that would see a new plant built in Myanmar to manufacture armoured personnel carries and self-propelled howitzers like the 2S1U howitzer cannon. Some equipment has already been shipped and the plant is scheduled to begin production by 2020.</p> <p>Israel Aerospace Industries, an Israeli state-owned company delivered two attack frigates in April 2017, which triggered a petition to the Israeli supreme court which sought to prohbit defence cooperation on the basis of attacks against Rohingya communities in northern Rakhine in October 2016 – the court revoked Israeli export licenses.</p> <p>As well as weapons, the Tatmadaw has also attempted to buy information and communications technology, including unmanned aerial vehicles, military air-traffic control systems, internet and cloud-based platforms and connectivity services, and precision navigation systems from countries including Austria, Canada, Japan, Norway, South Africa, and the United Kingdom.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/war-profiteers" hreflang="en">War Profiteers</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/118" hreflang="en">Myanmar</a></span> </div> <div class="wri_a2a clearfix"> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/new-un-report-explores-who-funding-and-arming-myanmars-military" data-a2a-title="New UN report explores who is funding and arming Myanmar’s military"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_button_email"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wri-irg.org%2Fen%2Fstory%2F2019%2Fnew-un-report-explores-who-funding-and-arming-myanmars-military&amp;title=New%20UN%20report%20explores%20who%20is%20funding%20and%20arming%20Myanmar%E2%80%99s%20military"></a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41780&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="znFO02QTooZnFjQLugUg_VroHk45X_gGEvEKuo2XD6U"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Tue, 13 Aug 2019 12:52:12 +0000 Andrew 41780 at https://www.wri-irg.org https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/new-un-report-explores-who-funding-and-arming-myanmars-military#comments War profiteer of the month: ISPRA https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-ispra <div data-history-node-id="41778" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <!--[if IE 9]><video style="display: none;"><![endif]--> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2019-07/ispra.jpg?itok=n_rMqPzh 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-07/ispra.jpg?itok=bq_AUpIO 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!--[if IE 9]></video><![endif]--> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-07/ispra.jpg?itok=bq_AUpIO" alt="A drone sits on the ground. It has long legs and six arms with rotors. Underneath is a grey box with the word &quot;ISPRA&quot; on the front" title="ISPRA&#039;s cyclone drone system" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">ISPRA&#039;s cyclone drone system</div> <time > 28 Jul 2019</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p dir="ltr" id="docs-internal-guid-c4c233a7-7fff-db2e-5dcb-ecf022cfe117">ISPRA ltd is an Israeli company founded in 1969, and uses the tag line “smart solutions for riot control”. The company specialises in the production of tear gas and other “non-lethal” or “less than lethal” ammunition. ISPRA exports to countries around the world and is a major supplier to the Israeli police and military. However, they have a relatively limited online presence, with minimal information available on who they export to, their financial status, number of employees, or annual reports.</p> <p dir="ltr">ISPRA produces a wide range of different types of ammunition, including tear gas and “stun” rounds (ammunition designed to be shot over the head of a group of people and produces a 140db blast noise), rubber impact rounds, colour dye rounds (to mark suspects),  for a range of different gauges. They manufacture “high flow” tear gas grenades and “double purpose” grenades designed to which are marketed as “causing confusion, disorientation of the crowd, suppressing their high motivation and extreme aggression capabilities”. ISPRA market their OC pepper spray as “organic”, meaning it is “easy to decontaminate its affected environment after use”.</p> <p dir="ltr">ISPRA canisters were reported to be<a href="https://www.sipri.org/sites/default/files/SIPRI-OSFno3WP.pdf"> used in Azerbaijan in 2013</a>, and the Omega Research Foundation identified canisters used against anti-graft protesters in Kenya in 2016.</p> <p><div class="embed-media embed-media--rich-twitter"><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /></head><body><blockquote class="twitter-tweet"><p lang="en" dir="ltr" xml:lang="en">Police beat Kenyan anti-graft protesters, fire tear gas - Orange/blue grenades from ISPRA, Israel <a href="https://t.co/Uovcczl7fd">https://t.co/Uovcczl7fd</a> <a href="https://t.co/ff8ZiSc7Jw">pic.twitter.com/ff8ZiSc7Jw</a></p>— Omega Research Foundation (@Omega_RF) <a href="https://twitter.com/Omega_RF/status/794522345134297088?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">November 4, 2016</a></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></body></html></div></p> <p dir="ltr">ISPRA regularly exhibit at a range of arms fairs around the world, including the ADEX event in Seoul, South Korea, MiliPol in France in 2017, and the the Kadex arms fair in Kazakhstan in 2014.</p> <h1 dir="ltr">Cyclone riot system</h1> <p dir="ltr">The Cyclone system is installed on drones to deploy tear gas on protesters. According to the company’s marketing information, the Cyclone allows police “to react against rioters and demonstrators at an early stage of the event, at a distance while avoiding direct confrontation with rioters.” Videos on the company’s website shows a drone being loaded with tear gas canisters and flown over a target ground, before dropping a number of tear gas canisters. The company describes the weapon as accurate with a long range, and easy to reload.</p> <p dir="ltr">Foreign Policy magazine described the use of the Cyclone or a similar system in March 2018 as perhaps “the first-ever nation observed using armed consumer drones in a real-world setting.” FP referenced a video shot by the Lebanese news network Haaretz which showed a drone dropping tear gas canisters on protesters in Gaza before flying away.</p> <p dir="ltr">According to the research organisation “Who Profits”, on 30 March 2018, “<a href="https://whoprofits.org/company/ispra-israel-product-research/">identical technology was used against protesters</a> in Gaza taking part in the Great March of Return marking the 42nd anniversary of Land Day.”</p> <h1 dir="ltr">Thunderstorm tear gas launcher</h1> <p dir="ltr">In 2015 ISPRA launched the Thunderstorm multi barrel launcher. The weapon is fitted to the top of a truck and allows the user to rapidly fire multiple rounds of tear gas up to 210m. ISPRA advertises the Thunderstorm as also being able to fire CS smoke grenades, and stun grenades.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/228" hreflang="en">Israel</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/205" hreflang="en">Occupied Palestinian Territories</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Companies</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/698" hreflang="en">ISPRA</a></span> </div> <div class="wri_a2a clearfix"> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-ispra" data-a2a-title="War profiteer of the month: ISPRA"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_button_email"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wri-irg.org%2Fen%2Fstory%2F2019%2Fwar-profiteer-month-ispra&amp;title=War%20profiteer%20of%20the%20month%3A%20ISPRA"></a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41778&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="FNBy0mJDyXgfh9Xnyre8QqmuxgHJhJzD6-f439AmEO0"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Sun, 28 Jul 2019 17:57:47 +0000 Andrew 41778 at https://www.wri-irg.org https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-ispra#comments War profiteer of the month: Almaz-Antey https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-almaz-antey <div data-history-node-id="41756" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <!--[if IE 9]><video style="display: none;"><![endif]--> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2019-06/s400.jpg?itok=zYpt1wmh 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-06/s400.jpg?itok=PzBNp8sF 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!--[if IE 9]></video><![endif]--> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-06/s400.jpg?itok=PzBNp8sF" alt="A large truck pulls an even larger trailer. On the trailer are several large missile launchers. Everything is painted dark khaki green" title="An S-400, designed and built by Almaz-Antey and subsidiaries. Photo: wikpedia/CC4.0" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">An S-400, designed and built by Almaz-Antey and subsidiaries. Photo: wikpedia/CC4.0</div> <time > 06 Jun 2019</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Almaz-Antey is the largest Russian arms company, made up of dozens of smaller companies. It is owned by the state, employs around 98,000 people, and produces a wide range of missiles, anti-aircraft systems, radars, automated turrets, naval artillery, and firearms.</p> <p>In 2017 Almaz Antey ranked 10th in the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute’s top 100 arms companies, rising from 13th in 2016, which was the first time a Russian company had appeared in the top 10. In 2017 the company made US$8.5 billion worth of arms sales making up 94% of the company’s income. The company has been targetted by US and EU sanctions, in response to Russia’s involvement in the conflict in the Ukraine, and the annexation of Crimea.</p> <p>Almaz-Antey regularly displays at arms fairs around the world, including most recently at the Aero India 2019 aerospace show, MILEX 2019 in Belarus, and IDEF 2019 in Turkey.</p> <h1>Anti-aircraft systems</h1> <p>The S-400 anti-aircraft system is an air-defence system designed and built by a subsidiary of Almaz Antey called MKB Fakel, and has been described as “one of the best air-defence systems in the world”. The S-400 replaced the S-300 system, and went into service in 2007. The system comprises of four missiles able to hit targets at varying distances, from over 300km away, to a short range missile with a 40km range. The system is mounted on trucks and turrets that can be rapidly deployed by just a few people. The S-400 has been sold (or in some cases given for free) to: Belarus, China, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and India. Each system – consisting of 8 launchers, 112 missiles, command and support vehicles - costs $400 million.</p> <p>The S-300 system has been used by a wide range of countries. Iran paid for an unknown number of S-300 batteries in 2007, but only received them in 2006. Iran’s acquisition of the S-300 was one of the alleged motivations behind the Israeli Air Force purchasing F35 jets from the USA. There are also concerns that Turkey’s decision to purchase both the S-400 system from Russia, and F35 jets from the USA could expose vulnerabilities in the F35 that could be exploited by Russia. Because of this, the USA has suspended delivery of the F35 jets to Turkey, and Russia is due to deliver the S-400 to Turkey in July 2019, though there are reports that they will not be received until 2020. It has been reported that the Turkish military <a href="https://www.defenseworld.net/news/20863/Turkey_To_Not_Get_Access_To__Internals__Of_Russian_S_400_Air_Defense_System#.XPjdInt7lTY">will not be allowed access</a> to the internal electronic systems of the S-400.</p> <p>The company is also developing an upgrade on the S-400 – the S-500, boasting an increased range and various other technical improvements designed as a <a href="https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/introducing-russias-s-500-can-it-take-out-f-22-or-f-35-58347">“blow against American prestige”</a>. The S-500 was due to go into production in 2014, but that has been pushed back to both 2017 and then to 2020. Commentators speculate the delays might be due to technical issues, or concerns that going into production with the S-500 might curb interest in the S-400 from prospective international buyers.</p> <p>In late 2018, Almaz Antey revealed details of a new surface-to-air missile system called the 9K317E Viking system, which is "is designed to engage cruise missile, frontline and strategic aircraft, high-precision weapons, stealth targets, rotary-wing platforms [including hovering], and radio-emitting surface and ground targets in contested areas” and can simultaneously attack 36 targets.</p> <p>In 2015, a Buk anti-aircraft system built by Almaz-Antey<a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/oct/13/mh17-crash-report-dutch-russian-claims-focus-buk-missile-fragments"> was considered the most likely culprit for</a> the shooting down of the MH17 passenger flight over eastern Ukraine, killing all 298 people on board. The company didn’t deny a Buk was used, but <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jun/02/russian-missile-firm-offers-recreate-mh17-crash">questioned who fired the weapon and from which territory</a>, and even suggested staging a reconstruction of the crash, in order to “prove the angles”.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/185" hreflang="en">Russian Federation</a></span> </div> <div class="wri_a2a clearfix"> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-almaz-antey" data-a2a-title="War profiteer of the month: Almaz-Antey"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_button_email"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wri-irg.org%2Fen%2Fstory%2F2019%2Fwar-profiteer-month-almaz-antey&amp;title=War%20profiteer%20of%20the%20month%3A%20Almaz-Antey"></a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41756&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="-8TZxeSVejkW1ncS4nEN7Bf9w1b2tq550w5UFRMATxU"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Thu, 06 Jun 2019 09:38:11 +0000 Andrew 41756 at https://www.wri-irg.org https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-almaz-antey#comments War profiteer of the month: SAAB https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-saab <div data-history-node-id="41750" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <!--[if IE 9]><video style="display: none;"><![endif]--> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2018-06/saab_jas-39c_gripen_sweden_-_air_force_an2279593.jpg?itok=_o1GkDPr 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-06/saab_jas-39c_gripen_sweden_-_air_force_an2279593.jpg?itok=tX21Yv7l 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!--[if IE 9]></video><![endif]--> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-06/saab_jas-39c_gripen_sweden_-_air_force_an2279593.jpg?itok=tX21Yv7l" alt="A fighter aircraft in the air during a display. The image is shot from below, and the aircraft has plumes of smoke trailing from the tip of each wing." title="A SAAB Gripen aircraft" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">A SAAB Gripen aircraft</div> <time > 16 May 2019</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>SAAB is a Swedish arms company, founded in 1937. The company builds a wide range of military aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, and missiles. In 2017, SAAB was ranked 36th in SIPRI’s 100 largest arms companies. SAAB is Sweden’s largest arms company, and the only Swedish company to make SIPRI’s top 100. In 2017 the company made $2,670,000,000 worth of arms sales, accounting for 84% of the companies sales. The vast majority of SAAB’s manufacturing occurs in Sweden, but has also announced a site in the USA for “advanced manufacturing”. The company has recently announced orders of <a href="https://saab.com/news-and-media/2015-06/saab-receives-nlaw-order-from-finnish-defence-forces/">anti-tank weapons from Finland</a>, naval radar <a href="https://saabgroup.com/media/news-press/news/2019-04/saab-receives-order-from-the-us-navy-for-sea-giraffe-amb">from the USA</a>, ammunition for the Carl-Gustaf <a href="https://saabgroup.com/media/news-press/news/2019-04/saab-receives-order-for-carl-gustaf-ammunition-to-the-australian-army">anti-tank weapon from Australia</a>, and “multispectral camouflage systems” <a href="https://saabgroup.com/media/news-press/news/2019-04/saab-receives-order-for-multispectral-camouflage-systems">from the Canadian army</a>.</p> <h1>Gripen aircraft</h1> <p>SAAB manufacturers the Gripen aircraft system, a multirole fighter and reconnaissance aircraft flown by a number of air forces including Sweden, Czech Republic, Hungary, South Africa, Thailand, and the United Kingdom (as a training aircraft), with a large number of other countries considering buying the aircraft, including a <a href="https://www.thelocal.se/20180226/swedish-arms-exports-topped-11-billion-kronor-last-year">recent sale to Brazil</a>.</p> <p>The Gripen was originally introduced in 1996, and has since gone through a number of different developments and modifications. The most recent model, the Gripen E Series, has been compared as a much <a href="https://medium.com/@skunkworksLH/facts-about-saab-gripen-e-f-why-is-gripen-e-deadliest-among-all-4-5-gen-fighter-jet-a15055b961a9">cheaper alternative to other modern aircraft</a>, such as Lockheed Martin’s F35, and is able to share tasks such as electronic jamming and firing weapons between different planes networked together.</p> <h1>Missiles</h1> <p>SAAB also manufacturers a wide range of different missiles, including anti-ship, and anti-tank missiles.</p> <p>In 2018, SAAB used their presence at the Farnborough Airshow to announce exhibit the RBS15 Gungnir MKVI, an anti-ship missile for the first time. The RBS15 has been in production since the 1980s when the MKI was introduced. The MkIII has a 200km range, is available in sea, land, and air launched versions. Different versions of the RBS15 are being used by Algeria, Croatia, Finland, Germany, Poland, Sweden, and Thailand.</p> <p>SAAB’s RBS 56B BILL 2 Anti-Tank weapon is a wire-guided (which means the missile is connected to the launch tube as it travels through the air. The original version of the missile was first developed in the 1980s, and has been used by Austria, Brazil, Latvia, Saudi Arabia, and Sweden</p> <h1>Controveries</h1> <p>SAAB was embroiled in allegations of cuorruption surrounding the modernisation of the South African military in 1999. It was alleged that SAAB paid 30 million rand ($2.1 million) in bribes, under the cover of establishing an industrial school. In 2011, SAAB admitted to having paid 24m rand (£1.3m) <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-43668243">to secure a South African contract</a> for the Gripen fighter jets.</p> <p><a name="article-text" id="article-text"></a>The order of Gripen aircraft to Brazil sparked controversy after prosecutors in Brazil accused former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and his son of having interfered in the government’s decision-making in favour of SAAB, <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-lula-idUSKBN13Y2PE">in exchange for $740,000</a> paid via a company called Marcondes &amp; Mautoni, which helps companies do business in Brazil.</p> <p>More recently, there have been concerns about the company selling a radar system <a href="https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20180228-swedish-saab-radar-plant-in-uae-sparks-controversy/">to the United Arab Emirates</a>, who are a member of the Saudi-led coalition fighting the Houthi rebels.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/173" hreflang="en">Sweden</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Companies</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/283" hreflang="en">Saab Bofors Dynamics</a></span> </div> <div class="wri_a2a clearfix"> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-saab" data-a2a-title="War profiteer of the month: SAAB"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_button_email"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wri-irg.org%2Fen%2Fstory%2F2019%2Fwar-profiteer-month-saab&amp;title=War%20profiteer%20of%20the%20month%3A%20SAAB"></a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41750&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="PGo3XvWyobnyGLJyrHJxYoqEv_jlFcRe6j5rbG9-og8"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Thu, 16 May 2019 15:57:06 +0000 Andrew 41750 at https://www.wri-irg.org https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-saab#comments War profiteers of the month: Verney-Carron, Brügger & Thomet and Alsetex https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteers-month-verney-carron-brugger-thomet-and-alsetex <div data-history-node-id="41730" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <!--[if IE 9]><video style="display: none;"><![endif]--> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2019-04/5105320827_78f1386300_o.png?itok=UuofsqBJ 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/png"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-04/5105320827_78f1386300_o.png?itok=h3HGTr3T 1x" type="image/png"/> <!--[if IE 9]></video><![endif]--> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-04/5105320827_78f1386300_o.png?itok=h3HGTr3T" alt="Several heavily armoured police officers aim down large riot guns" title="Photo: Flickr/Sylvain SZEWCZYK CC2.0" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">Photo: Flickr/Sylvain SZEWCZYK CC2.0</div> <time > 09 Apr 2019</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p class="western">Our War Profiteer of the Month series normally focuses on one company - in this feature, we provide details on a number of separate companies who have all manufactured weapons used against the Gilet Jaunes protest movement in France: Brügger &amp; Thomet, Alsetex and Verney-Carron.</p> <h1 class="western">Verney-Carron and Brügger &amp; Thomet</h1> <p class="western">The Flash-ball weapon was originally designed and built by a French company called <b>Verney-Carron</b>. The Flash-ball a “less-lethal” weapon designed for police and security forces as a less-lethal alternative when responding to individuals with knives and other weapons. The weapon is notable for its use by police in response to protests and riots, and also appears to be available to civilians (the “Flash-ball compact” is described on the company’s website as “designed for private use” and a number of videos on YouTube suggest the weapon has ben acquired by civilians).</p> <p class="western">The Flash-ball was originally introduced in 1990 and has been through a number of different versions.  in a range of formats, and can be used with a range of ammunition, but primarily 44mm balls made from rubber or condensed foam, which are effective at up to 30m, but often used at much closer range. The company claims that the gun has the stopping power (i.e. the ability of a firearm to stop a target) equivalent to a .38mm handgun (or “a <a href="https://www.officer.com/home/article/10249735/france-brings-a-new-weapon-to-the-lesslethal-field">Mike Tyson knock-out punch</a> from up to 10 meters”), or, as described by Laurent Thines, neurosurgeon and chief clinician at Besançon teaching hospital, as “like having a 20 kilograms of concrete block thrown on to your face or head from one meter”. The company claims that as well as the French police they have 37 other clients, including Russia, the United States and <a href="https://www.thelocal.fr/20190128/riot-control-guns-whats-all-the-fuss-about-flash-balls-in-france">16 other countries in the European Union</a>.</p> <p class="western">The company used their presence at MiliPol 2015 – an arms fair focused on “internal state security” attended by countries all over the world - <a href="https://www.armyrecognition.com/milipol_2015_show_daily_news_coverage_report/french_company_verney-carron_introduces_its_new_flash-ball_super_pro%C2%B2_at_milipol_2015_11811152.html">to introduce the Flash-ball Super Pro</a>.</p> <p class="western">The weapon is considered “less-lethal”, partly because it lacks the kinetic energy needed to penetrate the body and is designed to incapacitate, not kill. However, a wide range of life-changing injuries have been attributed to the weapon, including losing eyes, fingers or whole hands, being left in comas, and at least one death – Mustapha Ziana was killed by police in 2010 after being <a href="https://www.thelocal.fr/20190128/riot-control-guns-whats-all-the-fuss-about-flash-balls-in-france">shot with a Flash-ball from 4.4m</a>.</p> <p class="western">Flash-ball is a registered trademark of a French company called <b>Verney-Carron</b>, but it is also used as a generic term for other similar weapons, such as the LBD40 produced by the Swiss company <b>Brügger &amp; Thomet</b>, formed in 1991. The LBD-40 is larger than the original Flash-ball, with a longer range, and as well as firing a 40mm rubber round, it appears it can also be used with foam bullets, and tear canisters. Brügger &amp; Thomet also produce a wide range of rifles, extendable batons, handcuffs, knives, and tools for breaching doors.</p> <h1 class="western">Alsetex</h1> <p class="western">Alsetex is a French company specialising in “pyrotechnic systems and services”, marketed to police and security forces. There is relatively little information publicly available on the company, with a limited website. However, the company’s products are used by the French police, including stun grenades such as the GLI-F4, also known as the SAE 810, a tear gas and stun grenade containing 25g of TNT and 10g of powdered CS gas, and has been used extensively against the Gilet Jaunes movement.</p> <p><article class="embedded-entity align-left"><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/alsetex_protest.jpg?itok=rz4bQKoC 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/alsetex_protest.jpg?itok=rz4bQKoC" alt="Several dozen protesters wearing yellow vests kneel on the grass outside a fence. On the fence is the sign of the company, Alsetex. Several protesters are holding signs depicting injuries caused by the companies products" title="A protest at the Alsetex factory" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></article></p> <p class="western">In March, a large group of Gilet Jaunes activists gathered at the Alsetex factory in Pont-de-Buis-lès-Quimerch, to protest the company’s products being used against their movement.</p> <h1 class="western">Gilet Jaunes</h1> <p class="western">Flash-ball weapons have been used heavily against the Gilets Jaunes movement in France with activists using twitter to document injuries caused by the weapon. Journalists have alleged that the weapon has been misused, documenting evidence of police threatening protesters and journalists at very close range with the weapon.</p> <p><div class="embed-media embed-media--rich-twitter"><html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /></head><body><blockquote class="twitter-tweet"><p lang="en" dir="ltr" xml:lang="en"><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/29Decembre?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#29Decembre</a> Earlier today a cop from a BAC unit in <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Rouen?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#Rouen</a> threatened to shoot a flash ball against a journo if he wouldn't stop filming police violence. Source <a href="https://twitter.com/LouvetSimon?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@LouvetSimon</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/GiletsJaunes?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#GiletsJaunes</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/YellowVests?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#YellowVests</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/antireport?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#antireport</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/ActeVII?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#ActeVII</a> Video by <a href="https://twitter.com/RevPermanente?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@RevPermanente</a> <a href="https://t.co/cs4ODuglFy">pic.twitter.com/cs4ODuglFy</a></p>— Enough 14 (@enough14) <a href="https://twitter.com/enough14/status/1079049488856244226?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">December 29, 2018</a></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></body></html></div></p> <p class="western">Olivier Béziade, was shot in the head with a riot gun during a protest on 12 January, and was left in a coma for several days. Video at the time showed Béziade running from police before being shot in the head and collapsing.</p> <p class="western">An activist collective has documented nearly 100 cases of serious injuries during the Gilet Jaunes protests, <a href="https://www.aljazeera.com/news/europe/2019/01/france-yellow-vests-protest-macron-grand-debate-190119184218458.html">including at least 15 people losing eyes to rubber bullets</a>. In 2017 a human rights organisation called for the weapon to be banned, and in January 2019 medical professionals launched a petition demanding a ban on the use of the Flash-ball.</p> <p class="western">Serious injuries have also been caused by GLI-F4 grenades, including protesters losing hands when grenades have exploded nearby.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/war-profiteers" hreflang="en">War Profiteers</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/123" hreflang="en">France</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/226" hreflang="en">Switzerland</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/repression-protest" hreflang="en">Repression of protest</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Companies</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/696" hreflang="en">Verney-Carron</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/504" hreflang="en">SAE Alsetex</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/695" hreflang="en">Brügger &amp; Thomet</a></span> </div> <div class="wri_a2a clearfix"> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteers-month-verney-carron-brugger-thomet-and-alsetex" data-a2a-title="War profiteers of the month: Verney-Carron, Brügger &amp; Thomet and Alsetex"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_button_email"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wri-irg.org%2Fen%2Fstory%2F2019%2Fwar-profiteers-month-verney-carron-brugger-thomet-and-alsetex&amp;title=War%20profiteers%20of%20the%20month%3A%20Verney-Carron%2C%20Br%C3%BCgger%20%26amp%3B%20Thomet%20and%20Alsetex"></a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41730&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="X1ETOrVESPxxx32thj2FiQ6fBvc-7jNhXDdaEGhnIk8"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Tue, 09 Apr 2019 10:50:09 +0000 Andrew 41730 at https://www.wri-irg.org https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteers-month-verney-carron-brugger-thomet-and-alsetex#comments AmTec Less Lethal Systems https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/amtec-less-lethal-systems <div data-history-node-id="41716" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <!--[if IE 9]><video style="display: none;"><![endif]--> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2019-03/26219559_1791906497779815_5441339735677353259_n.jpg?itok=ySEzbuAW 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-03/26219559_1791906497779815_5441339735677353259_n.jpg?itok=XBWvVbJ0 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!--[if IE 9]></video><![endif]--> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-03/26219559_1791906497779815_5441339735677353259_n.jpg?itok=XBWvVbJ0" alt="A display of ALS equipment and ammunition" title="A display of ALS equipment and ammunition" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">A display of ALS equipment and ammunition</div> <time > 20 Mar 2019</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>AmTec Less Lethal Systems (ALS) specialises in a wide range of “less lethal” weapons and equipment designed for use by police, law enforcement, security, prison and military personnel. Amtec makes products in a factory and training centre based in Florida, and employs around 50 people. In October 2018 ALS was <a href="https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/pacem-defense-completes-acquisition-of-amtec-less-lethal-systems-inc-perry-florida-factory-and-training-complex-300733936.html">acquired by a company called PACEM Defence</a>, which the company said would allow “PACEM to expand into emerging markets such as the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), the Middle East and Africa (ME&amp;A), East Europe, and Asia.” PACEM Defence itself is a subsidiary of PACEM Solutions. At the same time as the acquisition, PACEM appointed a former president of Chemring – Michael Queensbury - as the President of ALS.</p> <p><figure role="group" class="embedded-entity align-left"><article><img alt="A hornets nest round - a cylinder filled with small rubber balls" class="img-responsive" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/hornets_nest.jpg?itok=QY9iOE2Q" srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/hornets_nest.jpg?itok=7M0CKZV0 1x" title="A &quot;hornets nest&quot; round" typeof="foaf:Image" /></article><figcaption>A "hornets nest" round</figcaption></figure></p> <p>On its website, ALS advertises the sale of a wide range of products, including “hydro-kinetic impact bags”, “Hornets nest” rounds (“producing blunt trauma and pain compliance”), bean bag rounds, 37 and 40mm rubber bullets, hand deployed stun grenades, reloadable impact grenades, smoke grenades, stun grenades. They also offer a number of different launchers for 37 and 40mm rounds, including the patented ALSTAC-37 single shot launcher for firing “less-lethal” ammunition including bean bag rounds and CS rounds.</p> <p>ALS also offers a wide range of training opportunities for law-enforcement agencies. The training centre includes buildings designed to train in forced entry, hostage rescue, prisons, and a number of firing ranges. The company advertises training designed “to help reduce your agency’s exposure to product liability lawsuits”.</p> <p>In September 2018 two workers were killed at the companies plant in Florida. A former worker <a href="https://eu.tallahassee.com/story/news/2018/10/24/former-amtec-taylor-county-plant-employee-warned-explosion-risk/1749066002/">submitted a complaint to the Florida Commission on Human Rights</a>, alleging that she had been fired after warning managers about the risks objecting to repeated sexual harassment by her supervisor. The whistleblower alleged that safety equipment was not being used, and that too many pounds of flash powder were being stored in the building.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/216" hreflang="en">United States of America</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> </div> <div class="wri_a2a clearfix"> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/amtec-less-lethal-systems" data-a2a-title="AmTec Less Lethal Systems"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_button_email"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wri-irg.org%2Fen%2Fstory%2F2019%2Famtec-less-lethal-systems&amp;title=AmTec%20Less%20Lethal%20Systems"></a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41716&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="97-s4dNReO6PaL5r7D3AgLcFeTWI1yFQYC32HkHlS4s"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Wed, 20 Mar 2019 16:05:39 +0000 Andrew 41716 at https://www.wri-irg.org https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/amtec-less-lethal-systems#comments War profiteer of the month: SIG Sauer https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-sig-sauer <div data-history-node-id="41695" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <!--[if IE 9]><video style="display: none;"><![endif]--> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2019-02/sig_sauer_p320_9mm_pistol.jpg?itok=ljSQdOGK 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-02/sig_sauer_p320_9mm_pistol.jpg?itok=mA0F9Rrk 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!--[if IE 9]></video><![endif]--> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-02/sig_sauer_p320_9mm_pistol.jpg?itok=mA0F9Rrk" alt="A black hand gun sits on top of a black plastic box" title="A Sig Sauer P320 handgun. Photo: wikipedia/Texaswarhawk, CC4.0" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">A Sig Sauer P320 handgun. Photo: wikipedia/Texaswarhawk, CC4.0</div> <time > 13 Feb 2019</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Sig Sauer is a brand name used by two sister companies based in Germany and the USA. The company, originally based in Germany, was founded in 1976 from a partnership between two other arms companies - Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft (SIG) and J.P. Sauer &amp; Sohn of Germany. In 1985, Sig Sauer set up a US subsidiary, originally named SIGARMS, before changing its name to Sig Sauer Inc. in 2007. The US arm employs around 1,200 people.</p> <p>Both companies specialise in the production of pistols and firearms – the US company claims that a third of police officers in the USA carry a Sig Sauer pistol. The company also sells to the American military; the US SEAL special forces teams have been armed with Sig Sauer handguns <a href="https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/sig-sauer-vs-glock-why-navy-seals-dumped-p226-glock-19-44312">since 1989</a>.</p> <h1>Advertising to civilians</h1> <p>The US company's website explicitly advertises a wide range of different pistols and rifles to law enforcement, military, and private security bodies, as well as accessories such as electro-optic sights, suppressors, slings, holsters, knives, magazines, and ammunition. One blog post on the website details the “history of the US Army’s sidearm” in a series of short videos. The post details how Sig Sauer won a US Army competition to develop a new handgun to replace the standard Beretta M9 with the development of the M17/18. The post ends with an advertising video for the civilian version, the P320-M17 pistol, drawing heavily on the fact it was “selected by the US Army”, and describes the weapon as having the “same innovation and versatility as the US Army’s M17 in a civilian version”.</p> <p>The company’s website also features a tool for filtering to different weapons based on the “planned usage”. Selecting “home defense” immediately leads to a page prominently advertising the SIG MPX SBR submachine gun.</p> <p><figure role="group" class="embedded-entity align-center"><article><img alt="A screenshot from the Sig Sauer website shows a woman standing, looking cautious. She is holding a large rifle." class="img-responsive" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_1300x1300/public/screenshot_2019-02-12_at_16.41.47.png?itok=L0WpELUF" srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_1300x1300/public/screenshot_2019-02-12_at_16.41.47.png?itok=L0WpELUF 1x" typeof="foaf:Image" /></article><figcaption>A screenshot from the SIG Sauer website.</figcaption></figure></p> <p>In 2016, a Sig Sauer MCX semi-automatic rifle was used <a href="http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/06/assault-rifle-used-by-orlando-mass-shooter">to murder 49 people</a> and wound many more at a nightclub in Orlando. The weapon is a civilian version - described as a “modern sporting rifle” - of a weapon <a href="https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2016/06/the-sig-sauer-mcx-used-in-orlando-is-a-modern-sporting-rifle-not-an-assault-weapon-according-to-gunmakers-heres-why.html">designed for the US special forces</a>.</p> <h1>Controversial exports</h1> <p>The company has also exported widely, including Central and South America. In March 2015, the Department of State notified Congress of a Direct Commercial Sales license agreement for Sig Sauer, Inc. to sell rifles and pistols for the Mexican military and federal and state police forces, for a value of up to $266 million. The license is valid until February 2024. Between 2015 and 2017, Sig Sauer delivered 3,179 assault rifles; 696 machine guns; and 8,361 pistols to Mexico. In 2015, activists in Germany filed charges against the company following <a href="https://www.dw.com/en/german-gunmaker-sig-sauer-faces-criminal-charges-over-mexico-drug-killings/a-18684532">revelations that a </a><a href="https://www.dw.com/en/german-gunmaker-sig-sauer-faces-criminal-charges-over-mexico-drug-killings/a-18684532">member of a Mexican drug cartel</a> used a Sig Sauer handgun to kill 12 people, including a prominent human rights campaigner.</p> <p>Sig Sauer have also exported handguns to Colombia, to be used by police forces there. In 2014, the German company was accused of illegally supplying 36,000 SP2022 handguns to Colombia via the US Sig Sauer, an act that <a href="https://www.nhpr.org/post/ceo-nh-gun-maker-facing-five-years-german-prison-alleged-arms-deal#stream/0">may violate Germany’s Foreign Trade Act</a>. The German company was subsequently banned from exporting, and German prosecutors <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-28291070">raided the company’s headquarters</a>. SIG Sauer is alleged to have submitted false end-use certificates to German export officials, which stated that that the German handguns would only be used in the USA. The contract was worth over $306 million. In November, the CEO of Sig Sauer was arrested at Frankfurt Airport.</p> <p>Also in 2014, the German company was raided, following allegations of illegally shipping handguns to Kazakhstan.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/216" hreflang="en">United States of America</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/101" hreflang="en">Germany</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/270" hreflang="en">Colombia</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Companies</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/690" hreflang="en">Sig Sauer</a></span> </div> <div class="wri_a2a clearfix"> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-sig-sauer" data-a2a-title="War profiteer of the month: SIG Sauer"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_button_email"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wri-irg.org%2Fen%2Fstory%2F2019%2Fwar-profiteer-month-sig-sauer&amp;title=War%20profiteer%20of%20the%20month%3A%20SIG%20Sauer"></a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41695&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="mpaLkH_UbsrljMtagr-chP_55Mumcufz0Y5edl94kZU"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Wed, 13 Feb 2019 11:59:14 +0000 Andrew 41695 at https://www.wri-irg.org https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-sig-sauer#comments War profiteer of the month: The Safariland Group https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-safariland-group <div data-history-node-id="41672" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <!--[if IE 9]><video style="display: none;"><![endif]--> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2019-01/tear_gas_ferguson.jpg?itok=HJYmHZFA 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-01/tear_gas_ferguson.jpg?itok=TanWZHfG 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!--[if IE 9]></video><![endif]--> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-01/tear_gas_ferguson.jpg?itok=TanWZHfG" alt="A man stands still with his arm raised amid a cloud of tear gas at night" title="A protester in Ferguson, USA, amid a cloud of tear gas" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">A protester in Ferguson, USA, amid a cloud of tear gas</div> <time > 03 Jan 2019</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><article class="embedded-entity align-right"><img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/safariland_group.png?itok=s4p4gQUD 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/safariland_group.png?itok=s4p4gQUD" alt="The Safariland Group logo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /></article></p> <p>Safariland is an American company, founded in California in 1964, specialising in a wide range of products and services for police and security forces. Safariland is made up of a number of different companies and brands, and has estimated revenues of $500 million. In 1969, the company formed American Body Armor, and went on to form a range of other brands. Safariland was acquired by a company called Armor Holdings, which was in turn bought by BAE Systems, the UK’s largest arms company, in 2007. BAE Systems sold Safariland in 2012 for $124 million. More recently Safariland has since acquired a number of other companies, including Mustang Survival (a producer of a range of survival and water equipment), Med-Eng (which builds “battle-proven equipment to defeat explosive and heat related threats”, and Tactical Command Industries Inc. (offering a wide range of communication equipment like ear pieces, microphones).</p> <p>Through these various brands, Safariland offers a range of services and products for police and security forces around the world, including:</p> <ul><li> <p>militarised police training and simulation</p> </li> <li> <p>crowd control weapons</p> </li> <li> <p>tear gas and other chemical weapons</p> </li> <li> <p>impact munitions (such as baton, foam, rubber, wooden and bean bag rounds)</p> </li> <li> <p>launchers and various accessories</p> </li> <li> <p>handcuffs and other restraints</p> </li> <li> <p>holsters, slings and bags</p> </li> <li> <p>bomb protection suits</p> </li> <li> <p>body armour</p> </li> </ul><p>Products sold by the various Safariland Group brands have been documented in a large number of countries, many with dubious human rights records and a history of militarised crowd control techniques or responses to protest. These include:</p> <ul><li>Mexico</li> <li>Turkey</li> <li>Venezuela</li> <li>Israel</li> <li>Bahrain</li> <li>USA</li> </ul><p>Most recently, activists collected evidence of chemical weapons such as tear gas being used against the “migrant caravan”, whose members travelled across Central America to the USA/Mexico border to seek asylum in the last months of 2018. Border officers fired tear gas at the migrants as they approached the border – the tear gas used was produced by Defence Technology, a subsidiary of Safariland.</p> <p>In 2015 a protester involved in the Standing Rock protests sued Defence Technology, claiming that one of the companies flash bangs almost severed her left hand. The companies munitions were also used in response to the protest <a href="https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/ferguson-tear-gas_n_5679931?ec_carp=2221363998326191938">in Ferguson in 2014</a> and against Occupy Oakland activists. In February 2018, students at Brown University protested the boards decision to allow Safariland's CEO - Warren Kander - to sit on the advisor council of Institute at Brown for Environment and Society. <a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/denizcam/2018/12/06/meet-the-safariland-multimillionaire-getting-rich-off-tear-gas-and-more-in-the-defense-industry/#398548c17b0a">The students wrote</a> "From Egypt to the occupied Palestinian territories, Ferguson to Standing Rock, the weapons sold and promoted by The Safariland Group have been used to suppress protests, maim or kill activists and intimidate social movements.... [Kanders] should not have an advisory role or any other role at Brown.”</p> <p>The Safariland Group exhibited at a number of other arms fairs around the world, including DSEI (UK), Security and Policing (UK), Eurosatory (France), MiliPol (France), Urban Shield (USA), and Land Forces 2018 (Australia).</p> <h1>Safariland Academy</h1> <p>The Safariland Training Academy offers regular workshops and training directed towards police, military and security personnel. An extensive video on the companies website illustrates a wide range of training opportunities, often displaying militarised equipment and techniques, including sniper rifles, chemical weapons, forced entry techniques, and heavily armed personnel. One segment explores “world wide, universal ways of controlling and hand cuffing people… we have people from Switzerland, Indonesia, Malaysia… east-coast to the west-coast of the United States”. The company offers “instructor level” courses, which allow participants to train members of their own organisations.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/216" hreflang="en">United States of America</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/171" hreflang="en">Bahrain</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/144" hreflang="en">Mexico</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/228" hreflang="en">Israel</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/repression-protest" hreflang="en">Repression of protest</a></span> </div> <div class="wri_a2a clearfix"> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-safariland-group" data-a2a-title="War profiteer of the month: The Safariland Group"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_button_email"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wri-irg.org%2Fen%2Fstory%2F2019%2Fwar-profiteer-month-safariland-group&amp;title=War%20profiteer%20of%20the%20month%3A%20The%20Safariland%20Group"></a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41672&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="xY-mHIS0dwtD7G0DGMrcKy7MBXgHhBoffamkpA8glcU"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Thu, 03 Jan 2019 13:35:49 +0000 Andrew 41672 at https://www.wri-irg.org https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-safariland-group#comments War profiteer of the month: General Atomics https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/war-profiteer-month-general-atomics <div data-history-node-id="41615" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <!--[if IE 9]><video style="display: none;"><![endif]--> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2018-11/reaper_drone.jpg?itok=S8uFmsV_ 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-11/reaper_drone.jpg?itok=xi23ZxTC 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <!--[if IE 9]></video><![endif]--> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-11/reaper_drone.jpg?itok=xi23ZxTC" alt="A drone in flight. The background is a dusty sandy landscape." title="A General Atomics Reaper drone in flight" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">A General Atomics Reaper drone in flight</div> <time > 13 Nov 2018</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>General Atomics is an American company, formed in 1955, with headquarters in San Diego in California. In 2016 General Atomics ranked 46th on the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute’s (SIPRI) list of the Top 100 arms-producing and military servicing companies. SIPRI estimated that the company made around $1.8bn worth of arms sales in 2016.</p> <p>The company specialises in nuclear physics, as well as building remotely operated surveillance aircraft, missile defence rail gun systems, sensor systems, ground control stations, and training and support services.</p> <p>The company is made up of a number of affiliated companies including:</p> <ul><li> <p><strong>General Atomics Aeronautical Systems (GA-ASI)</strong>, a “leading manufacturer” of unmanned aircraft. GA-ASI builds the Predator UAV. GA-ASI is supported in the UK by General Atomics Aeronautical Systems UK Ltd.</p> </li> <li> <p><strong>General Atomics Systems Integration, LLC (GA-SI)</strong> “specializes as a full service solution to meet the persistent intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) challenges facing domestic and allied nation security missions.”</p> </li> <li> <p><strong>Cotter Corporation</strong> is a mining and milling company producing uranium, vanadium, silver, copper and a range of other products.</p> </li> <li> <p><strong>Nuclear Fuels Corporation</strong> markets uranium produced by General Atomics mining operations.</p> </li> </ul><h1>Drones</h1> <p>Drones have allowed a huge expansion of targetted extrajudicial killings around the world, particularly by the US military and CIA in the wars following the 9/11 attacks – the CIA first used a Predator drone in a targetted killing in February 2002, in Afghanistan. Since 2001 the Predator and Reaper drones built by General Atomics have contributed significantly to this new type of warfare.</p> <h2>MQ-1 Predator</h2> <p>The MQ-1 Predator was originally designed in the 1990s as an unmanned surveillance aircraft, first used by the US military in 1995, and marked an era of drone combat. It was <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/mar/13/predator-drone-retire-reaper-us-military-obama">modified in 1999 </a>to to be able to carry two Hellfire missiles, and has been used in a large number of US military operations since, in Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, Libya, Syria and Somalia. Production of the Predator ended in October 2015, with the completion of an order from the Italian air force and the US deciding to “retire” the drone. The Predator has been sold to the United States Air Force, as well as the Italian, Turkish and Moroccan air forces.</p> <h2>MQ-9 Reaper</h2> <p>The Reaper was first flown in 2001, and is a larger and more powerful successor to the MQ-1 Predator – it can fly further, higher, for longer. As it was introduced, Michael Moseley, the US Airforce Chief of Staff said “We've moved from using UAVs primarily in intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance roles before Operation Iraqi Freedom, to a true hunter-killer role with the Reaper.” Moseley said that the name “Reaper” was chosen by the US Air Force “as it captures the lethal nature of this new weapons system”.</p> <p>The Reaper drone was first used in combat in 2007 in Afghanistan, with the Air Force Times reporting the MQ-9 was first used to kill on 28th October 2007. By 2016 the US Air Force were operating 195 Reapers, and plan to keep them in service until the 2030s. A Reaper drone can carry 4 Hellfire or Paveway missiles. Each drone costs $16m, and costs around $4,600 per hour of flight, significantly cheaper than traditional manned aircraft.</p> <p>The Reaper is flown by the US Air Force, US Homeland Security, Australia, Dominican Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom, India and Belgium.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Companies</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/685" hreflang="en">General Atomics</a></span> </div> <div class="wri_a2a clearfix"> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/war-profiteer-month-general-atomics" data-a2a-title="War profiteer of the month: General Atomics"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_button_email"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wri-irg.org%2Fen%2Fstory%2F2018%2Fwar-profiteer-month-general-atomics&amp;title=War%20profiteer%20of%20the%20month%3A%20General%20Atomics"></a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41615&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="rxHq0mB59TRpJi5z_iLorNlt74Ub_hViBjHJRsGyKNw"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Tue, 13 Nov 2018 15:44:32 +0000 Andrew 41615 at https://www.wri-irg.org https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/war-profiteer-month-general-atomics#comments War profiteer of the month: L3 Technologies https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/war-profiteer-month-l3-technologies <div data-history-node-id="41603" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <!--[if IE 9]><video style="display: none;"><![endif]--> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2018-10/screen_shot_2018-10-22_at_16.17.38.png?itok=yP4KG7o6 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/png"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-10/screen_shot_2018-10-22_at_16.17.38.png?itok=SPI3eg7L 1x" type="image/png"/> <!--[if IE 9]></video><![endif]--> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-10/screen_shot_2018-10-22_at_16.17.38.png?itok=SPI3eg7L" alt="A laser system mounted on a ship" title="A laser system developed by L3 Technologies mounted on a ship" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">A laser system developed by L3 Technologies mounted on a ship</div> <time > 22 Oct 2018</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>L3 Technologies is one of the world’s biggest arms companies, ranking 8th in the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) annual list of the top 100 arms companies. The company was founded in 1997, and by 2017 the companies revenues were over $9.5 billion. In 2016 the company employed 38,000 people.</p> <p>L3 Technologies specialises in high tech systems for command and control, communications, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, as well as avionics and aerospace products, and training/ They supply the US military, US Homeland Security, and other US government agencies. The company was formed from elements of the Lockheed Martin corporation that had previously been part of another company called Loral Corporation, and was originally named “L-3 Communications”. The company has gone on to acquire many other arms companies, including companies producing specialist defence electronics, night vision goggles, flight simulators, and underwater power systems for unmanned underwater vehicles, and now has a wide portfolio of different weapons and military technology.</p> <p>One example of technology the company has developed and markets heavily is the <a href="https://www.l3t.com/video/manned-unmanned-teaming-mumt-demonstration">Manned-Unmanned Teaming (MUMT) system</a>, which allows a range of different military vehicles to share communications, providing “the tactical advantage [commanders] need in a war fighting environment”. The system integrates a range of drones, sensors, and other technology so “the entire formation can see the battle as it unfolds and it can make real-time decisions… that’s going to be enable us to be more capable in our war fighting capability.” The L3 website includes a video of representatives from the company marketing the system at the Farnborough airshow in 2018.</p> <p>Other equipment the company markets on it’s website and at arms fairs include:</p> <ul><li> <p>The Advanced Low-cost Munitions Ordnance (ALaMO) guided projectile for military ships to use to attack moving targets,</p> </li> <li> <p>Electro-Optical Sighting Systems (EOSS) a targeting system for cruiser and destroyer ships,</p> </li> <li> <p>High-energy laser beam directors, a laser weapon capable of targeting moving objects on the water or in the air,</p> </li> <li> <p>Hawkeye III, a communications system for military use in emergency situations, designed to be very quick and easy to setup and configure.</p> </li> </ul><h1>Sales</h1> <p>L3 publishes details of some of their contracts and sales. Recent examples include:</p> <ul><li> <p>a multi-million dollar contract to <a href="https://www.army-technology.com/news/l3-supply-bnvd-1531-night-vision-binocular-canadian-agency/">supply a Canadian government agency</a> with night vision binoculars,</p> </li> <li> <p>a <a href="https://www.army-technology.com/news/us-army-awards-391m-contract-l3-envg-b-goggles/">$391 million dollar order</a> of night vision goggles from the US military,</p> </li> <li> <p>a $97m contract to produce Umanned Aerial Vehicle Receive (UR) technology for US Apache helicopters, allowing the manned and unmanned vehicles to share video and other data,</p> </li> <li> <p>In July 2017, the US military contracted L3 Technologies to supply a range of mortar detonation fuses,</p> </li> <li> <p>BAE Systems will <a href="https://www.army-technology.com/projects/paladin-m109a7-155mm-artillery-system/">use the L3 HMPT-500</a> automatic transmission in the “next generation” Paladin artillery.</p> </li> </ul><h1>Arms fairs</h1> <p>L3 regularly attends arms fairs around the world – in 2018, the company has displayed – or is expected to - at Euronaval 2018 (Paris 23-26th October), Bahrain Airshow (14-16th November 2018), EDEX (Egypt, 3-5th December), Eurosatory 2018 (Paris, 11-15th June), Fidae 2018 (Chile, 3-5th April), and a number of others.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <div class="wri_a2a clearfix"> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_32 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/war-profiteer-month-l3-technologies" data-a2a-title="War profiteer of the month: L3 Technologies"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_print"></a><a class="a2a_button_email"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share_save" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.wri-irg.org%2Fen%2Fstory%2F2018%2Fwar-profiteer-month-l3-technologies&amp;title=War%20profiteer%20of%20the%20month%3A%20L3%20Technologies"></a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41603&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="XnuexcbMCAWouwBuI7U7HBOMHiT65AjjxVlSU-aI4ZY"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Mon, 22 Oct 2018 15:12:18 +0000 Andrew 41603 at https://www.wri-irg.org https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/war-profiteer-month-l3-technologies#comments