War profiteer companies https://www.wri-irg.org/en en War profiteer of the month: FN Herstal https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/war-profiteer-month-fn-herstal <div data-history-node-id="42197" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2020-09/fn_herstal.jpg?itok=JBi7e_-2 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-09/fn_herstal.jpg?itok=sJbCMfPf 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-09/fn_herstal.jpg?itok=sJbCMfPf" alt="A soldier fires a vehicle mounted machine gun" title="A US soldier fires a FN Herstal M240B machine gun" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">A US soldier fires a FN Herstal M240B machine gun</div> <time > 18 Sep 2020</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>FN Herstal (“Fabrique National Herstal”) is a Belgian arms company that specialises In producing rifles and handguns. The company was founded in 1889 and is owned - via a holding company called Herstal Group – by the regional government of Wallonia. Herstal Group owns a number of other affiliated companies and manufacturing facilities around the world, including:</p> <ul> <li>US Repeating Arms Company (USA)</li> <li>Browning Arms Company (USA)</li> <li>FN America (USA) – a merger of FN Manufacturing and FNH USA</li> <li>FNH UK (UK)</li> <li>NOPTEL (Finland) – acquired in 2011</li> </ul> <h1>Weapons</h1> <p>FN Herstal and its various subsidiaries produces a vast array of handguns, rifles, submachine guns, machine guns, and weapons for helicopters and other aircraft, as well as a range of “less lethal” weapons used by police and security personnel. Weapons produced by FN Herstal are in use by over 100 countries around the world, and have been used in many of the major conflicts throughout the 20th century.</p> <p>Recent weapon developments include the deFNder™ Light, a remote weapon station which is mounted on top of a vehicle and can integrate many FN machine guns, and allows the operator to control and fire the machine gun from inside the vehicle. The company produces similar platforms for higher calibre weapons and for mounting on naval vessels. The Belgian government recently announced the purchase of 135 deFNder™ Light systems, armed with a 7.62mm machine gun.</p> <p>Other weapons produced by FN Herstal have been used by dozens of countries, for many decades. For example, the FN MAG is a machine gun originally designed in the 1950s. It remains in production in various models and variants, and has been used by more than 80 countries. The FN MAG is also produced by a number of other companies under license. For example, the Indonesian state owned company PT Pindad produces the FN MAG as the SPM2 GPMG. Similar arrangements exist with arms companies in Sweden, Egypt, India, and Singapore.</p> <h1>“Less lethal” weapons</h1> <p></p><div alt="An FN303 less lethal weapon. It looks similar to a rifle but has an air tank and circular magazine" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_half" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="7358653c-cdff-4a83-8d8e-43a593d39283" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-right"> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/fn303.png?itok=-9-Pa2P0 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/large/public/fn303.png?itok=-9-Pa2P0" alt="An FN303 less lethal weapon. It looks similar to a rifle but has an air tank and circular magazine" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <p>FN Herstal also produce a series of weapons it describes as “less lethal”, intended to be carried and used by police and security personnel who “who required a capability that lay between the baton and the firearm”. The primary weapon advertised by the company is the FN 303, a should fired weapon that can be loaded with a range of different projectiles, including impact, paint, and OC powder. The US subsidiary, FN America, also advertises the FN303-P, which looks similar to a handgun. There is at least one reported death associated with the FN303; in 2005 Victoria Snelgrove was shot in the eye by police in Boston, killing her. Two years after the incident the Boston police <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/23/us/23pepper.html">destroyed their stock of FN303 guns</a>.</p> <p>Weapons produced by FN Herstal have recently been spotted being carried by police and security personnel in the USA, responding to protests carried out by the Black Lives Matter movement. The Omega Research Foundation website identifies a number of concerns with the weapon, including high capacity firing causing “an overdose of irritant especially in confined spaces”, and weather conditions affecting the weapons accuracy, increasing the risk of head and upper body injuries.</p> <p>As well as the US police the weapon has also been used by the police in Turkey, Belgium, Georgia, Finland, <a href="https://www.gettyimages.co.uk/detail/news-photo/anti-riot-police-officers-ask-demonstrators-leave-the-news-photo/170960044">Brazil</a> and Luxembourg. There are <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-34810155">also reports of a large export of 2,000 FN303</a>’s to Libya in 2008, alongside hundreds of other weapons and over a million rounds of ammunition. The weapon has also been used by the <a href="https://www.wired.com/2008/05/paintball-gun-o/">US military in Iraq</a>.</p> <h1>Stop Arming Saudi</h1> <p>Weapons produced by FN Herstal have been used by the Saudi-led coalition in the war in Yemen. A group of researchers identified the use of <a href="https://www.brusselstimes.com/news/business/56362/proof-that-belgian-arms-sold-to-saudi-arabia-are-being-used-in-yemen/">FN F2000 automatic weapons</a>, which are produced solely in Belgium and sold through the US subsidiary.</p> <p>In February 2020 the regional government of Wallonia <a href="https://www.thedefensepost.com/2020/02/06/belgium-saudi-arabia-arms-wallonia/">blocked a number of export licenses</a> which would have permitted the export of arms to the Royal Saudi Air Force.</p> <p>In 2019, Amnesty International documented evidence of the use of the FN Minimi – a submachine gun - by a Yemeni militia called “The Giants”, who are supported by the United Arab Emirates. A week after Amnesty’s report was published it was revealed that FN Herstal would be displaying the <a href="https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2019/02/uae-arms-fair-showcases-belgian-weapon-in-use-by-yemeni-militias/">Minimi at the IDEX2019 arms fair</a>. At the time Patrick Wilken, Arms Control and Human Rights Researcher at Amnesty International, said “It’s a jarring sight to have FN Herstal hawking the Minimi in the UAE after we exposed how the Emiratis illicitly gave this weapon to an unaccountable militia in Yemen.”</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/166" hreflang="en">Belgium</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/216" hreflang="en">United States of America</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/121" hreflang="en">Saudi Arabia</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/149" hreflang="en">Yemen</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/173" hreflang="en">Sweden</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/120" hreflang="en">Egypt</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/90" hreflang="en">India</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/102" hreflang="en">Singapore</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/who-profits" hreflang="en">Who profits?</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/repression-protest" hreflang="en">Repression of protest</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Companies</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/704" hreflang="en">FN Herstal</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=42197&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="XdNNdf7aGiEV9GUG6TGFiW-w6HCwV5-Ez5CkugKaTyU"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Fri, 18 Sep 2020 14:10:27 +0000 Andrew 42197 at https://www.wri-irg.org War profiteer of the month: PepperBall (United Tactical Systems) https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/war-profiteer-month-pepperball-united-tactical-systems <div data-history-node-id="42153" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2020-07/pb_home_hero_desktop_copy.jpg?itok=ARDg2qnQ 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-07/pb_home_hero_desktop_copy.jpg?itok=xpoDyOOU 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-07/pb_home_hero_desktop_copy.jpg?itok=xpoDyOOU" alt="A pepperball hand gun with four red peperballs next to it" title="A pepperball TCP handgun. Photo: PepperBall website" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">A pepperball TCP handgun. Photo: PepperBall website</div> <time > 23 Jul 2020</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>United Tactical Systems is a US company that specialises in the manufacturer of “less lethal” weapons sold primarily to police and security services around the world, as well as prisons, private security and individuals under the brand name “PepperBall”. The company’s weapons have most recently been observed being used by US federal agents against protesters in Portland, but the company - based in California - claims its weapons are used by over 5000 police and security agencies around the world. United Tactical Systems was incorporated in 2014, <a href="https://www.dnb.com/business-directory/company-profiles.united_tactical_systems_llc.e0f02e0250b17c65cf0e5615dc7ff944.html#related-companies">employs 120 people</a> and revenue has been estimated at <span class="company_summary">$19.47 million.</span></p> <p>PepperBall products have recently been used extensively against Black Lives Matter protesters in the USA, and against democracy activists in Hong Kong, and have also been purchased by police departments in: <a href="https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/358984">Malaysia</a> by the Federal Reserve Unit, “a <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riot_control">riot control force</a> and a <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramilitary">paramilitary</a> special response team”; <a href="https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/delhi-police-to-acquire-pepper-ball-launchers-for-better-riot-control/articleshow/51479849.cms?from=mdr">India</a>, where the police in Delhi are considering a range of PepperBall products; <a href="http://www.sadefensejournal.com/wp/less-lethal-launchers-during-protest-in-turkey/">Turkey</a>, where officers have been photographed carrying the TAC 700 PepperBall gun; and in <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2018/sep/05/victoria-police-defend-new-weapons-saying-violent-protests-have-come-to-australia">Australia</a>, with media sources from 2018 declaring that the weapons had now “come to Melbourne”. While the PepperBall website emphasises the potential for the weapon to be used as an alternative to lethal force, and promotes media stories of such uses of its equipment, PepperBall weapons are used regularly to disperse large crowds of protesters.</p> <p>The company has exhibited at a number of arms fairs and expos around the world: at DSEI in London; the International Association of Chiefs of Police event in Orlando; the “ShotShow”, Las Vegas; and MiliPol in Paris, an event specialising in equipment for police forces.</p> <h1 class="western">Weapons</h1> <p>The company produces a range of different weapons (referred to as “launchers” on their website), which all fire one or both types of the company’s projectiles, loaded with their “proprietary chemical irritant”. Weapons include the FTC, (“full tactical carbine”) the TCP (“tactical combat pistol”). The FTC weapon is based on the AR-15, a widely used semi-automatic assault rifle. The company <a href="https://twitter.com/pepperball1/status/986302696025190400">argues</a> that this means<span class="css-901oao css-16my406 r-1qd0xha r-ad9z0x r-bcqeeo r-qvutc0"> "many agencies and departments find it easy to use and simple to integrate into their existing training regime</span>".</p> <p>The “projectiles” marketed on the PepperBall website come in two versions; a standard round ball, and a long range "XVR", which can be fired up to 150 feet. Both the standard balls and the XVR range come in a variety of options, containing different gases, irritants, marking paints and liquids. A "glass breaker" solid polymer option is also available. Images on twitter show evidence of PepperBalls being fired as white marks on the floor where the ball has hit the floor and exploded.</p> <p>The company has also produced a range of weapons designed for “personal protection”. The LifeLite combines a torch and a five-shot PepperBall launcher in a hand held device with a 60 foot range and a laser sight. The weapon has been designed to be “openly carried during every day activities”, with the promotional video featuring a person walking their dog while using the torch.</p> <p>In 2017 the company announced they were developing a drone, capable of conducting surveillance as well as deploying "over two pounds of PepperBall LiveX" from the air. The announcement was made as part of a blog post about the company participating in a "mock prison riot" event, but there is little information elsewhere.</p> <h1 class="western">Hong Kong</h1> <p>Police officers and members of the security service have been <a href="https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/updated-police-use-less-lethal-weaponry-against-protesters-hong-kong">repeatedly photographed and filmed</a> using PepperBall weapons against protesters voicing dissent against the immigration bill, including against journalists and at very close range. For example, footage published on the <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M8Q9dp8QIFU" target="_blank">Hong Kong Free Press youtube channel</a> (from 2:03) on 2nd July 2020 shows a police officer aiming a weapon marked PepperBall that appears to be a PepperBall FTC.</p> <p>In other images police officers were photographed pointing PepperBall weapons at very close range towards apparently unarmed, stationery protesters taking photographs:</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"><p dir="ltr" lang="en" xml:lang="en">Police deployed pepper spray and new <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Pepperball?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#Pepperball</a> gun in protest for 8 months after <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/YuenLong?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#YuenLong</a> West Rail Station July 21st Assault In Yuen Long Town, New Territories, <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Hongkong?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#Hongkong</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/HongKongProtests?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#HongKongProtests</a> <a href="https://t.co/xUG71wyBEP">pic.twitter.com/xUG71wyBEP</a></p> <p>— Altos Images (@altos_images) <a href="https://twitter.com/altos_images/status/1241382956008013824?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">March 21, 2020</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>Officers have also been photographed using the weapons in shopping malls:</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-conversation="none"><p dir="ltr" lang="en" xml:lang="en">Guns drawn by <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/HKPolice?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#HKPolice</a>:<br /> - pepperball gun (left pic)<br /> - sponge round (right pic, left)<br /> - rubber bullet / bean bag rifle (right pic, right)</p> <p dir="ltr" lang="en" xml:lang="en">To enforce "social distancing" or to suppress <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Hongkongers?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#Hongkongers</a> for peacefully expressing discontent &amp; solidarity? <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/HKPoliceState?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#HKPoliceState</a> <a href="https://t.co/FY86stfbhR">pic.twitter.com/FY86stfbhR</a></p> <p>— HKRev - Hong Kong Local News Translation (@HkrevInfo) <a href="https://twitter.com/HkrevInfo/status/1254409113854857222?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">April 26, 2020</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><h1 class="western">USA</h1> <p>PepperBall weapons have been used extensively against the recent Black Lives Matter protests, with media sources regularly posting images of police and security officers brandishing the distinctive weapons. Some police departments have also requested funds from local governments to replenish stocks. For example, the Lake County Sheriff’s Department requested $30,000 from the local county commissions - <a href="https://www.chicagotribune.com/suburbs/post-tribune/ct-ptb-sheriff-equipment-purchases-st-0702-20200701-de2hkjttzbcyffsiqhz4e44ueu-story.htmlhttps://www.chicagotribune.com/suburbs/post-tribune/ct-ptb-sheriff-equipment-purchases-st-0702-20200701-de2hkjttzbcyffsiqhz4e44ueu-story.html">including $15,815 worth of PepperBall products</a> such as FTC launchers, projectiles and air tanks - following the recent protests. PepperBall weapons have also been used while responding to large crowds of students on the University of Massachussetts Amherst campus, with one student <a href="https://www.masslive.com/news/2015/02/umass_student_files_lawsuit_ag.html">accusing police of firing the weapon at close range</a> to stop him filming. In Portland and elsewhere, federal agents have been photographed holding and firing PepperBall weapons at protesters, while dressed in full military camouflage gear and gas masks.</p> <p> </p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"><p dir="ltr" lang="en" xml:lang="en">DHS Special Response Team in <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/PortlandRiots?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#PortlandRiots</a>, using a PepperBall VKS. Notice the BE-Meyers MAWL laser, EOTech sight and extended magazine. <a href="https://t.co/FviLLsOV8r">pic.twitter.com/FviLLsOV8r</a></p> <p>— Abraxas Spa (@AbraxasSpa) <a href="https://twitter.com/AbraxasSpa/status/1285885388154982405?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">July 22, 2020</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>The company’s VKS weapon, which is based heavily on the M-4 semi-automic rifle, has also been recently purchased by the US military, for use by the military in Afghanistan. The US military has <a href="https://www.businessinsider.com/the-army-has-a-new-non-lethal-weapon-that-fires-pepper-filled-balls-2018-6?r=US&amp;IR=T">recently purchased</a> 267 VKS carbine weapons – which are based heavily on the M-4 semi-automic rifle used by the military, and capable 20 pepperballs per second – for use against protesters as a “less lethal” alternative to live ammunition.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/216" hreflang="en">United States of America</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/who-profits" hreflang="en">Who profits?</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/repression-protest" hreflang="en">Repression of protest</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Companies</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/703" hreflang="en">PepperBall (United Tactical Systems)</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=42153&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="LqjDioxORzMVeEP1u2cgiX9kAG2FV2bEV1aN0NfvlXY"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Thu, 23 Jul 2020 12:19:23 +0000 Andrew 42153 at https://www.wri-irg.org Who supplied the weapons used against #BLM protesters? https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/who-supplied-weapons-used-against-blm-protesters <div data-history-node-id="42130" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2020-06/koshu-kunii-nkhmctzq80e-unsplash1.jpg?itok=CCyOwd_3 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-06/koshu-kunii-nkhmctzq80e-unsplash1.jpg?itok=pf6Rt-_L 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-06/koshu-kunii-nkhmctzq80e-unsplash1.jpg?itok=pf6Rt-_L" alt="A black and white photo at night, showing large numbers of people walking through smoke with their mouths covered" title="Demonstrators in Washington DC on 31/5/2020 - Photo by Koshu Kunii on Unsplash" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">Demonstrators in Washington DC on 31/5/2020 - Photo by Koshu Kunii on Unsplash</div> <time > 11 Jun 2020</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>In response to the murder of George Floyd by a member of the Minneapolis police department on 25th May, thousands of people across the United States joined protests demanding justice for his killing, radical reform of police forces, and driving home the message that Black Lives Matter. Many of these protests face militarised police responses, including the use of rubber bullets, sting balls, stun grenades, battons, police charges, and chemical weapons like tear gas and pepper spray.</p> <p>Twitter users have photographed a large number of canisters that were fired during the protest. Many appear to have been produced by a company called Defense Technology, a subsidiary of a company called The Safariland Group (<a href="/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-safariland-group">click here for our profile</a> on this company), which owns a number of companies producing a wide range of equipment and weapons used by law enforcement. Weapons from other companies appear to be produced by Combined Tactical Systems (our profile on CTS is <a href="/en/story/2013/war-profiteer-month-combined-systems-inc-csi">available here</a>) and FN Herstal USA.</p> <p>A number of photos show clear markings from a range of projectiles produced by Defense Technology. For example, the markings on this canister are similar to a “Skat Shell” CS gas canister.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"><p dir="ltr" lang="en" xml:lang="en">This was a canister from the tear gas they shot at me last night. I have a bunch of pics and video clips on my camera too, but they’re mostly of the actual people protesting and not of the police. All pics I will post will be done with explicit permission. <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/BLM?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#BLM</a> <a href="https://t.co/yOijpaBCO2">pic.twitter.com/yOijpaBCO2</a></p> <p>— Jacob Hale (@verser43) <a href="https://twitter.com/verser43/status/1267331889767092227?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">June 1, 2020</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>This tweet posted on 5th June 2020 clearly shows two different used canisters, one a “Skat Shell” loaded with OC gas, and a “Spede-Heat” long range CS gas shell. The CS shell in this image is designed to be fired up to 150 yards.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"><p dir="ltr" lang="en" xml:lang="en">In case anybody thinks the CS tear gas &amp; OC gas canisters <a href="https://twitter.com/wusa9?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@wusa9</a> found were unused- take a look. CS gas canister is to the left in 2nd pic. Propellant powder still on interior walls. <a href="https://t.co/R7yieB8ioO">pic.twitter.com/R7yieB8ioO</a></p> <p>— Nathan Baca (@NathanBacaTV) <a href="https://twitter.com/NathanBacaTV/status/1269036562500726788?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">June 5, 2020</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>This image was posted by a parent, claiming that the device – which appears similar to a range of weapons advertised on the Defense Technology website - was found by a child.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"><p dir="ltr" lang="en" xml:lang="en">Very relieved that the unexploded flash-bang grenade that my daughter found and innocently picked up this morning didn't explode in her face. Beyond angry that it was left on the streets of our capital city. <a href="https://t.co/ruAQ7dCotC">pic.twitter.com/ruAQ7dCotC</a></p> <p>— Ed Felten (@EdFelten) <a href="https://twitter.com/EdFelten/status/1267838832298393602?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">June 2, 2020</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>The following tweets show a spent hand-thrown grenade produced by another company, Combined Tactical Systems. The first is a 5230B Baffled Riot CS Smoke grenade.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-conversation="none"><p dir="ltr" lang="en" xml:lang="en">You’re being lied to. This is a canister of CS smoke I picked <a href="mailto:up@off">up@off</a> the ground in between memorial hall and music hall. CS smoke *is* tear gas. <a href="https://t.co/7zjnR6rIh5">pic.twitter.com/7zjnR6rIh5</a></p> <p>— blake (@BR_Boswell) <a href="https://twitter.com/BR_Boswell/status/1268249613645090816?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">June 3, 2020</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>The second is a 5440 “Launchable Flameless Expulsion OC” round, apparently used on Capital Hall.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-conversation="none"><p dir="ltr" lang="en" xml:lang="en">I picked this up off the street on Sat night. 6/6/2020 on 11th Ave in Cap Hill. Documented in my saved stream from last night on this account. <a href="https://t.co/axVrwh0ebM">pic.twitter.com/axVrwh0ebM</a></p> <p>— Shawn Whiting (@shawncwhiting) <a href="https://twitter.com/shawncwhiting/status/1269783629137276928?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">June 8, 2020</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>A number of users posted images that appear similar to “less-lethal” projectiles made by the USA subsidiary of the Belgian company FN Herstal. The company produces a range of weapons that can be loaded with a number of different projectiles some loaded with washable or indelible paint, or OC powder. The company advertises the “primary effect” of all of the projectiles as “trauma, which directly neutralizes the aggressor”.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-conversation="none"><p dir="ltr" lang="en" xml:lang="en">Bingo! They weren’t shooting rubber bullets in Charleston. They were shooting FN303s, the kind with Oleoresin capsicum, while also pepper gassing / tear gassing them. The media was targeted too; kid in Indiana had his eye shot out by a tear gas canister shot at his face. <a href="https://t.co/axCh4gC7lF">pic.twitter.com/axCh4gC7lF</a></p> <p>— Whiskey &amp; Wombs (@SoOvaryActing) <a href="https://twitter.com/SoOvaryActing/status/1268073509290377218?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">June 3, 2020</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-conversation="none"> <p dir="ltr" lang="en" xml:lang="en">Stopped by the Capitol yesterday to see what he National Guard and/or GA State Police were firing at us on Tuesday at 7:11pm. Found these. <a href="https://t.co/etNmo6pMCR">pic.twitter.com/etNmo6pMCR</a></p> <p>— recklesscoder (@recklesscoder) <a href="https://twitter.com/recklesscoder/status/1268525495622254595?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">June 4, 2020</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>This final tweet appears to also show part of a Triple-Chaser CS gas canister, produced by Defense Technology. This is just a small number of the weapons produced by a variety of different companies.</p> <h1>What is tear gas?</h1> <p>“Tear gas” is a term used to refer to a range of different chemicals – like CS or CN gas - that can cause severe eye and respiratory pain, skin irritation, bleeding, and blindness, stomach aches, and diarrhoea. Though often described as “less-lethal” or “non-lethal”, tear gas has killed and caused sever injuries, with very young and old people, asthmatics, epileptics, and those with heart conditions particularly vulnerable to its effects.</p> <p>Tear gas is used to clear large crowds of people at protests or civil unrest, as well as in prisons. Different methods are used to deliver the gas by police forces, such as hand thrown grenades, grenades fired from launchers, hand-held aersol cans, from spray guns with backpacks, or from vehicle mounted cannons. All chemical weapons – including tear gas - are banned from being used in war, but tear gas is being used increasingly by police forces around the world against protest movements.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/216" hreflang="en">United States of America</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/repression-protest" hreflang="en">Repression of protest</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/who-profits" hreflang="en">Who profits?</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=42130&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="aEyDOGr6Tg5qTKob-t35dN_dFubU5hvqnGgj3M0XdqI"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Thu, 11 Jun 2020 13:16:47 +0000 Andrew 42130 at https://www.wri-irg.org War Profiteer of the Month: Sloboda Čačak https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/war-profiteer-month-sloboda-cacak <div data-history-node-id="42128" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2020-06/m79.jpg?itok=0cvGZ9ih 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-06/m79.jpg?itok=6q9XXpKp 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-06/m79.jpg?itok=6q9XXpKp" alt="A man with his back tot he camera holds a large rocket launcher over his shoulder" title="An M79 rocket launcher produced by the company" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">An M79 rocket launcher produced by the company</div> <time > 10 Jun 2020</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Sloboda Čačak is a Serbian government-owned ammunition company, found in 1948 by the Yugoslav government. It is based in the city of Čačak, in central Serbia, employs around 2000 people and recorded revenues income of €62.21 million in 2018, and income of €3.51 million. The company produces ammunition used by both military and police forces.</p> <p>Over the last decade the Serbian government has invested over €30 million in the company, to pay for modernization of equipment.</p> <p>Sloboda Čačak produces a wide range of ammunition for tanks and artillery, rockets, and rocket-propelled grenades. <a href="https://www.scribd.com/doc/33980537/KATALOG-SLOBODA-2005-SAJAM">A catalogue produced in 2010</a> includes ammunition for use in anti-aircraft weapons, small arms, and a range of stun grenades, smoke bombs, rubber baton rounds and flash grenades marketed to be used by police forces.</p> <h1>Use in conflicts</h1> <p>The company’s “M79 Osa” anti-tank weapon was reportedly used in Syria by both the Free Syrian Army and by the Islamic State in Iraq. In 2013 The New York Times reported that the M79 Osa being used in various places in Syria, including by the Ababil Horan Brigade in the southern Damascus suburb of Al Qadam, highlighting videos uploaded to YouTube<a href="https://atwar.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/02/25/weapons-from-the-former-yugoslavia-spread-through-syrias-war/?mtrref=undefined&amp;assetType=REGIWALL"> which show dozens of M79 weapons</a>. The newspaper has documented the widespread use of weapons produced in the former Yugoslavia, and speculated that the arms were shipped to opposition forces by Saudi Arabia after large numbers began to appear in YouTube videos uploaded in early 2013.</p> <p>The M80 Zolja is a “disposable 64mm unguided anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade” first designed in 1980 and used throughout conflicts in the former Yugoslavia through the 90s, and remains in production.</p> <h1>Tear gas canisters in Iraq killing protesters</h1> <p>The Balkan Insight website has reported <a href="https://balkaninsight.com/2019/12/13/epic-serbian-arms-deal-led-to-pierced-skulls-in-baghdad/#gsc.tab=0">that tear gas canisters produced by Sloboda Čačak</a> were imported into Iraq in 2009. The shipment was part of a massive arms deal between the Iraqi and Serbian governments worth $325 million and described as “the deal of the century”, and included 40mm military tear gas grenades produced by Sloboda Čačak. The website reports that the grenade was responsible for at least 20 of the 400 protesters killed by Iraqi security personnel in late 2019. Amnesty International reported that the grenades caused “horrific” injuries, with some canisters found lodged in victims skulls. The M99 grenades identified are modelled on military-style grenades that are up to ten times heavier than standard tear gas canisters.</p> <p>The same grenades have been sold to Montenegro, Belgium, Israel and Spain.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/232" hreflang="en">Serbia</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/158" hreflang="en">Syria</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/125" hreflang="en">Iraq</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/repression-protest" hreflang="en">Repression of protest</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/who-profits" hreflang="en">Who profits?</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=42128&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="ZoTdUTGma5_dE2eusiiKVfKnth-8QbFULKd5V-st4lU"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Wed, 10 Jun 2020 12:32:11 +0000 Andrew 42128 at https://www.wri-irg.org Danish company Terma accused of violating UAE arms embargo https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/danish-company-terma-accused-violating-uae-arms-embargo <div data-history-node-id="42111" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2018-04/villagers_scour_rubble_for_belongings_scattered_during_the_bombing_of_hajar_aukaish_-_yemen_-_in_april_2015.jpg?itok=B9wi2gLy 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-04/villagers_scour_rubble_for_belongings_scattered_during_the_bombing_of_hajar_aukaish_-_yemen_-_in_april_2015.jpg?itok=ODW3QvvD 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-04/villagers_scour_rubble_for_belongings_scattered_during_the_bombing_of_hajar_aukaish_-_yemen_-_in_april_2015.jpg?itok=ODW3QvvD" alt="Yemeni&#039;s search rubble after a bombing" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption"></div> <time > 23 May 2020</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>A Danish independent media and research centre has published a report accusing the country’s largest arms manufacturer, Terma, of war crimes after continuing to supply arms to the United Arab Emirates, despite a decision by Denmark to stop arming Saudi and the UAE because of their involvement in the war in Yemen. The report accuses the Danish authorities of being “asleep at the wheel” when considering Terma’s requests for export permits.</p> <p>DanWatch used “satellite imagery, public access requests, intelligence reports, social media, export permits and dozens of interviews” to document the use of Terma radar and missile defence systems.</p> <p>The report found that Terma continued to supply radar and missile defence systems which were later used in Yemen. Examples of such military equipment include the Scanter 2001, which was used on Emirari warships which regularly participated in the naval blockade, stopping carrying emergency aid from reaching the Yemeni coast. The naval blockade of Yemen has left ten million starving and 80% of the country dependent on aid. The report alleges that Terma continued to deliver spare parts until October 2019, and invited a team of Emirati radar technicians to participate in a training session at the company’s factory in Lystrup.</p> <p>William Hartung, an expert in international arms trade and head of the American think tank Center for International Policy, is quoted in the report, arguing that “Without the radar systems, the Emirates warships are neither able to participate in the war in Yemen nor in the naval blockade.”</p> <p>Other Terma equipment used by the UAE includes a defence system for the Archangel fighter aircraft. The aircraft are equipped with Terma’s MASE pods, a defense system mounted under the wings to protect aircraft from attack from the ground.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/149" hreflang="en">Yemen</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/199" hreflang="en">Denmark</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/141" hreflang="en">United Arab Emirates</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/63" hreflang="en">arms trade</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=42111&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="S75by2VJJ0VynLjyKv_RtiQW0649sjd0_FAqVOd2qS8"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Sat, 23 May 2020 13:19:58 +0000 Andrew 42111 at https://www.wri-irg.org War profiteer of the month: Pindad PT https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/war-profiteer-month-pindad-pt <div data-history-node-id="42056" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2020-03/1._hhut_tni_74_.jpeg?itok=Enooi_NF 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-03/1._hhut_tni_74_.jpeg?itok=8B6yMxdr 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-03/1._hhut_tni_74_.jpeg?itok=8B6yMxdr" alt="A tank being used in a military display. In the background are many other military vehicles" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption"></div> <time > 24 Mar 2020</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Pindad PT is an Indonesian state-owned arms company, producing a wide range of weapons for the Indonesian military, police and security forces, and exporting to a number of other countries in the region. In 2016 the company had just over 2000 employees and revenue of around £100m.</p> <p>The company produces a wide range of weapons for use by armies and security services, including small arms such as handguns, rifles, machine guns, as well as grenade launchers, mortars in a range of calibres, armoured vehicles, and tanks.</p> <p><a name="firstHeading" id="firstHeading"></a> The company has a number of agreements to manufacturer weapons under license, meaning they were originally designed and produced by other companies in other countries. Examples of this occurring include the STK 40 AGL 40mm grenade launcher, which was originally designed by a Singaporean arms company called Chartered Industries of Singapore, and the SS1 assault rifle and SM-2 machine gun, both produced under license from the Belgian company FN Herstal – itself owned by the regional government of Wallonia.</p> <p>Pindad has callobrated with the Turkish arms company FNSS Defense Industries Company to <a href="https://www.dailysabah.com/defense/2020/02/06/turkish-indonesian-made-battle-tank-attracts-more-buyers">develop and manufacture</a> the KAPLAN MT Modern Medium Weight Tank. The KAPLAN is armed with a 105mm Cockerill 3105 turret, built by the Belgian company CMI Defence, and went into production in 2017. The company has also signed an agreement to collaborate with South African arms company Paramount Group on weapons such as the Harimau tank and the X18 “tank boat” fire support vessel. The memorandum of understanding was <a href="https://www.janes.com/article/92786/d-s-2019-pt-pindad-partners-paramount-on-defence-production">signed at the D&amp;S arms fair</a> in Bangkok in November 2019.</p> <h1>Arming Indonesia</h1> <p>Unsurprisingly, most of the weapons produced by Pindad are in use by the Indonesian Armed Forces. Weapons made by the company are also used by militarised police units such as the BRIMOB, a paramilitary wing of the Indonesian Police Force, such as the SS1 and SS2 assault rifles, P1/P2 handgun, SPR-2 sniper rifle, and the SPG1 grenade launcher.</p> <p>Pindad also produces a range of weapons used to counter protests, such as tear gas, rubber ball grenades, and smoke bombs, designed to be thrown or fired from grenade launchers. Twitter users have shared photos of spent cartridges from the MU24AR grenade after police units fired tear gas at a protest outside the House of Representatives. The tear gas appeared to be three years out of date.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"><p dir="ltr" lang="in" xml:lang="in" xml:lang="in">Foto oleh sahabat saya <a href="https://twitter.com/maskhairulanam?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@maskhairulanam</a> yang meliput di DPR. Pantas gas air mata hari ini lebih perih dua kali lipat. Selain karena dipakai untuk melindungi oligarki, gasnya juga sudah kedaluwarsa tiga tahun :P<a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/HidupMahasiswa?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#HidupMahasiswa</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/MosiTidakPercaya?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#MosiTidakPercaya</a> <a href="https://t.co/vP0Mp4m3Ka">pic.twitter.com/vP0Mp4m3Ka</a></p> <p>— Ardyan M. Erlangga (@ardyanme) <a href="https://twitter.com/ardyanme/status/1176483078924951560?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">September 24, 2019</a></p></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>The company also advertises vehicles used by riot police units on their website, such as water cannons and militarised 4x4 armoured personnel carriers.</p> <h1>Exports</h1> <p>Pindad has exported a range of weapons to other countries, such as the PM2 submachine gun to Timor Leste and the SPR-2 sniper rifle to Fiji. In 2017 the SS2 rifle was licensed for production in the United Arab Emirates by the local company Continental Aviation Services, among other weapons included in the technology transfer.</p> <p>A large number of companies, including Brunei, Bangladesh, Iraq and Malaysia have expressed interest in purchasing the Anoa armoured personnel carrier.</p> <p>In December 2019 Pindad <a href="https://www.armyrecognition.com/december_2019_global_defense_security_army_news_industry/ghanaian_army_interested_in_equipment_from_indonesias_pt_pindad.html">announced the signing of a memorandum of intent</a> with the government of Ghana, covering the supply of equipment, establishing maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) and after-sales services including training and facilities.</p> <p>In February 2020 Indonesian media sources <a href="https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/02/29/philippines-eyes-indonesia-made-combat-vehicles.html">covered an expression of interest from the Philippines</a> in purchasing combat vehicles from Pindad in a memorandum of understanding which include procuring equipment and developing the arms industry in the Philippines.</p> <p></p><div alt="A number of people gather in front of a display of rifles, smiling. One man is holding a hand gun." data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_full" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="369a54e3-b30c-4f38-9c1c-94adc2842a12" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity"> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_1300x1300/public/dsc_0109_res.jpg?itok=VZbuoNVu 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_1300x1300/public/dsc_0109_res.jpg?itok=VZbuoNVu" alt="A number of people gather in front of a display of rifles, smiling. One man is holding a hand gun." typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/194" hreflang="en">Indonesia</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/126" hreflang="en">Ghana</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/168" hreflang="en">Philippines</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/141" hreflang="en">United Arab Emirates</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/who-profits" hreflang="en">Who profits?</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Companies</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/684" hreflang="en">Rheinmetall</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=42056&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="cT_MEsO_-kRTI5NyCbgDw1EDS98YAU6iYn48EO42dIo"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Tue, 24 Mar 2020 15:12:42 +0000 Andrew 42056 at https://www.wri-irg.org War profiteer of the month: Nexter Systems https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/war-profiteer-month-nexter-systems <div data-history-node-id="42020" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2020-02/caesar_firing_in_afghanistan.jpg?itok=xPz9IaBg 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-02/caesar_firing_in_afghanistan.jpg?itok=JtmdV5Tq 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-02/caesar_firing_in_afghanistan.jpg?itok=JtmdV5Tq" alt="A large cannon is fired in desert terrain. A number of soldiers stand around the side." title="French soldiers conduct a live-fire exercise, with their Nexter Systems Caesar self-propelled wheeled armored vehicles, outside of Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan, August 14, 2009." typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">French soldiers conduct a live-fire exercise, with their Nexter Systems Caesar self-propelled wheeled armored vehicles, outside of Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan, August 14, 2009.</div> <time > 10 Feb 2020</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Nexter Systems is a French state-owned company building a wide range of military vehicles, artillery, weapons and ammunition used by the French military and sold around the world. Nexter was formerly known as the GIAT group, formed in 1973 and nationalised in 1991, and is headquartered in Roanne, Loire, France with manufacturing facilities and 3700 staff members across France, Belgium and Italy. In 2018, Nexter was the world’s 83 largest arms company in SIPRI’s top 100 global arms companies, with $1.1bn sales in 2018. Nexter has a number of subsidaries including Simmel Difesa in Italy, which manufactures land and naval ammunition, and NBC Sys, based in France, which specializes in the manufacture of protection, detection and decontamination equipment against chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) weapons.</p> <p>In 2019 a leaked report by the French government submitted to the French President Emmanuel Macron and his defence minister Florence Parly indicated that a range of weapons, including some manufactured by Nexter Systems, had been used by the Saudi military in Yemen. The French NGO Disclose compiled the information into a website called “Made in France”, which illustrates the material in the report using maps, graphics, videos, and text, including details of how some of the weapons may have been used against civilians. The weapons and vehicles built by Nexter identified in the report included the Leclerc battle tank, CAESAR cannon, and the Aravis armoured troop-carrying vehicles.</p> <p>Nexter has exhibited at a wide range of arms fairs around the world, including DSEI (UK), IDET (Czech Republic), CANSEC (Canada), ExpoDefensa (Spain), EDEX (Egypt), I/ITSEC (USA), Eurosatory and MiliPol (France), and Defence and Security (Thailand).</p> <h1>Artillery, tanks and ammunition</h1> <p>Nexter Systems builds a number of different combat and artillery vehicles, including:</p> <ul> <li> <p>The Leclerc main battle tank has been in production since 1991 and a number of variants have been built. The Leclerc is operated by the army in France and UAE. Each unit costs around $4 million.</p> </li> <li> <p>The CAESAR is a 155mm wheeled self-propelled howitzer cannon with a range of up to 50km. The CAESAR is used by the French, Indonesian, Saudi Arabian, and Thai militaries, and recently published a press release announcing orders from Denmark. Since 2010 132 French CAESAR howitzer cannons have been sold by France to Saudi Arabia.</p> </li> </ul> <ul> <li> <p>The LG1 Mark II 105 mm towed howitzer is used by the Belgian, Canadian, Colombian, Indonesian, and Thai militaries, and is compatible with all NATO 105mm ammunition. The LG1 has been designed for rapid deployment.</p> </li> </ul> <p>Nexter also produces ammunition for tanks and artillery, from 20mm (used for autocannons such as Nexter's M621, used on armoured vehicles, aircraft, and helicopters) up to 155mm (used on weapons such as the CAESAR howitzer).</p> <p>The company also produces weapons via local subsidiaries under license. For example, in 2019 Nexter announced a plan to construct Titus 6x6 armoured vehicles <a href="https://www.nexter-group.fr/en/actualites/nos-dernieres-actualites/czech-republic-signed-acquisition-contract-62-titusr.html">with the Czech company Eldis</a>. The contract is worth over $300 million and deliveries are expected between 2020 and 2025. Nexter also works <a href="https://www.nexter-group.fr/en/actualites/nos-dernieres-actualites/nexter-and-cmi-defence-will-cooperate-deliver-and-support-camo">in cooperation with Belgian company CMI Defence</a>, who will act as the "final assembler" of Nexter's VBMR-Griffon armoured vehicle, and construct the turrets for the EBRC-Jaguar.</p> <h1>Electronic systems</h1> <p>Nexter also builds a range of electronic systems such as FINDDCN (a "notebook" running on a smartphone, allowing the user to see a 2D or 3D map, study terrain, and create firing sketches). The company also produces larger and more sophisticated digital tools, such as FINDMP, "a complete digital system supporting tactical decision making process for operational engagement and training purposes", based around a large "digital sandbox", essentially a table top touch screen computer.</p> <p>Nexter has also developed a range of unmanned ground vehicles, such as the Nerva range. The Nerva products are small robots designed to detect chemical warfare agents, toxic industrial chemicals, radiological weapons, and even localisng gunshots.<br />  </p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/123" hreflang="en">France</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/121" hreflang="en">Saudi Arabia</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/149" hreflang="en">Yemen</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/166" hreflang="en">Belgium</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Companies</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/692" hreflang="en">CMI Defence</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/701" hreflang="en">Nexter Systems</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=42020&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="Jk5loFeBxYaDsPDXooGwtZ0LkB3F2zWQP-ihNAIxowo"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Mon, 10 Feb 2020 11:36:34 +0000 Andrew 42020 at https://www.wri-irg.org War profiteer of the month: Falken SA https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/war-profiteer-month-falken-sa <div data-history-node-id="42001" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2020-01/12593095174_dcafcf1219_o.jpg?itok=dv8NuJ8w 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-01/12593095174_dcafcf1219_o.jpg?itok=1arQbqGx 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-01/12593095174_dcafcf1219_o.jpg?itok=1arQbqGx" alt="A number of police officers with tear gas launchers fire canisters towards a crowd" title="Police in Venezuela in 2014. Photo: andrewaZp/Flickr CC2.0" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">Police in Venezuela in 2014. Photo: andrewaZp/Flickr CC2.0</div> <time > 10 Jan 2020</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Falken SA is a Spanish company specialising in "less lethal" weapons and other equipment used by the police and security forces in Spain, and countries in Latin America. The company produces tear gas, CS gas, smoke bombs, shackles and handcuffs, bullet proof vests for domestic use, and also markets products for the military such as smoke screens, rescue signals and pyrotechnic training systems. There is relatively limited information about the company online, which has no social media outlets and a website with almost no information about its products and services, or financial information.</p> <p>Falken SA is part of the Etienne Lacroix Group, a French company specialising in pyrotechnics for civilian (i.e. fireworks) and military use. Other arms companies in the group include <a href="https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteers-month-verney-carron-brugger-thomet-and-alsetex">Alsetex</a> and Energetics Technology.</p> <p>Falken has exhibited its products at events such as Milipol in France in 2019 and the Feindef arms expo in Madrid.</p> <h1>Spain</h1> <p>Falken SA has a close relationship with the Spanish state, with one media outlet claiming that the company is "the exclusive supplier of much of the riot gear of the Spanish police", with media reports covering a wide range of sales of tear gas, smoke bombs and other equipment. Commentators have criticised large purchases of tear gas from Falken, because the Spanish police - officially at least - have reported almost no uses of the weapons since 2003, and raised issue with the fact that the company is run by three brothers from the Bardisa Jordá family; their brother Ismael Bardisa Jordá was a deputy in Spain's People's Party between 1996 and 2008.</p> <h1>Latin America</h1> <p>Falken has, or has had, a relationship with a number of Latin American countries, and its products have been used against protesters across the region.</p> <p>From 2010 to 2015 the Peruvian state-owned company FAME held a contract with Falken, for the production of law enforcement equipment and technology transfer. According to the Omega Research Foundation, the equipment produced under the agreement included tear gas grenades, 37/38mm tear gas ammunition, chemical irritant aerosol sprays, batons and handcuffs. In May 2018 the infodefensa.com website reported that the National Police of Peru had issued an urgent requirement for the acquisition of thousands of rounds of riot and chemical agents, and named Falken as a potential supplier. In 2013, it was reported that FAME worked with Falken <a href="https://www.infodefensa.com/es/2013/07/24/noticia-falken-y-fame-inauguran-una-planta-de-produccion-de-chalecos-antibala-en-peru.html">to open a new bullet-proof vest factory</a> in Lima.</p> <p>The company also has a similar agreement with the Venezuelan state-owned company arms company CAVIM, which allows CAVIM to build products designed by Falken in Venezuela. According to the Omega Research Foundation this agreement was made in 2005 and was ongoing in 2016. The Venezuelan authorities regularly use large volumes of tear gas to break up protests, and it is "standard procedure" <a href="https://foreignpolicy.com/2014/05/09/venezuelas-protesters-are-learning-to-live-with-tear-gas/">to aim tear gas canisters at the centre of a group</a>, increasing the risk of severe injuries.</p> <p>The Omega Research Foundation has also highlighted evidence on Twitter of Falken SA products being used in Buenos Aires, despite appearing to be past their expiry date.</p> <p><div class="embed-media embed-media--rich-twitter"><blockquote class="twitter-tweet"><p lang="en" dir="ltr" xml:lang="en" xml:lang="en">Expired <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Teargas?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#Teargas</a> allegedly used against protesters yesterday in <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/BuenosAires?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#BuenosAires</a>. Image shows 3 grenades, 2 made by Dirección General de Fabricaciones Militares (Argentina) &amp; 1 visually similar to Falken SA (Spain) hand-thrown CS grenade <a href="https://twitter.com/amnistiaespana?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@amnistiaespana</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/RiotID?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@RiotID</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/ProtestarEsUnDerecho?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#ProtestarEsUnDerecho</a> <a href="https://t.co/Nj4nZPsHzV">https://t.co/Nj4nZPsHzV</a></p>— Omega Research Foundation (@Omega_RF) <a href="https://twitter.com/Omega_RF/status/941665413724889089?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">December 15, 2017</a></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></div></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/201" hreflang="en">Spain (State of)</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/224" hreflang="en">Venezuela</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/103" hreflang="en">Peru</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/99" hreflang="en">Brazil</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/who-profits" hreflang="en">Who profits?</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/repression-protest" hreflang="en">Repression of protest</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=42001&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="A1Gzw0Cq81FXax8ai8aCv5QB_Antd3VE64PkG63QiyQ"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Fri, 10 Jan 2020 14:31:05 +0000 Andrew 42001 at https://www.wri-irg.org War profiteer of the month: Daeji P&I https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-daeji-pi <div data-history-node-id="41882" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2019-11/daeji_water_cannon_indonesia_west_papua.jpg?itok=Aaw_sLyZ 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-11/daeji_water_cannon_indonesia_west_papua.jpg?itok=c9LgSP-G 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-11/daeji_water_cannon_indonesia_west_papua.jpg?itok=c9LgSP-G" alt="A Daeji water cannon sat parked in a car park. The vehicle is black with shielded windows and two water cannons on top." typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption"></div> <time > 25 Nov 2019</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p class="western">Daeji P&amp;I is a company based in South Korea,, which builds a range of vehicles including for domestic waste collection, tankers for transporting water, chemicals, or food, and a number of vehicles designed for use by police units, including water cannon and armoured personnel carriers. The company produces an average of 400 vehicles a year, and recorded income of over $22m in 2018, and employs around 50 people. The company has a supply contract with Hyundai Motors.</p> <h1 class="western">Water cannon</h1> <p class="western">The company produces a wide assortment of water cannons, in different sizes and with capacities, from the DWC6500 (with a 6500 litre water tank) to the DWC15000 “mammoth”. The DWC15000 based on a modified Mercedes Benz 3344k truck, modified to carry a 5-person crew and a 150000 litre water tank. The company’s water cannons can also be armed with foam, dye sprays (used to mark protesters to make identification easier later) and water laced with tear gas. The companies promotional material claims the DWC15000 will make “the protester [feel] threatened and tremble with fear”.</p> <p class="western">The company claims to have sold over 2700 water cannons to 20 countries, including countries with concerning human rights records such as Vietnam, Bangladesh, China, Cambodia, Myanmar and Algeria. In 2010 media reports in Korea reported that Daeji P&amp;I delivered 70 water cannons to the Indonesian National Police Agency, after receiving the $16m contract in 2007. The company’s website lists a number of other deliveries of water cannons to Indonesia as recently as 2017, 2016 and 2013. </p> <!-- https://www.hankyung.com/news/article/2010010321401 --><p>According to a website focused on the<a href="https://www.indomiliter.com/water-cannon-dwc6500-rantis-canggih-tahan-peluru-pengendali-massa-andalan-polri/"> Indonesian security forces</a> and <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_Brigade_Corps">Wikipedia</a>, the water cannon is used by Indonesia’s “Mobile Brigade Corps” and the Sabhara Unit, both tasked with “anti-riot” duties.</p> <h1 class="western">Armoured personnel carriers</h1> <p class="western">Daeji P&amp;I also sell “Tambora” and “Promoter” armoured personnel carriers, which have been documented on social media as being used by the Indonesian police in their violent <a href="https://www.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=2252441858187522&amp;id=783570155074707">suppression of protests in West Papua</a>. The Tambora can carry up to ten people and can be armed with a tear gas launcher or gun turret.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/169" hreflang="en">Korea, South</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/501" hreflang="en">West Papua</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/194" hreflang="en">Indonesia</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/repression-protest" hreflang="en">Repression of protest</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41882&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="u5a-vzdatWdf1hrA7PSGMDZtdAtbkwsnR4IW4W-IQxk"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Mon, 25 Nov 2019 11:58:27 +0000 Andrew 41882 at https://www.wri-irg.org War profiteer of the month: CBC Global Ammunition and subsidiaries https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/war-profiteer-month-cbc-global-ammunition-and-subsidiaries <div data-history-node-id="41858" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2019-10/cbc_ammunition.png?itok=eJTQW5P5 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/png"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-10/cbc_ammunition.png?itok=QjgV7-N2 1x" type="image/png"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-10/cbc_ammunition.png?itok=QjgV7-N2" alt="Ammunition marked &quot;CBC&quot; alongside a machine gun" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption"></div> <time > 25 Oct 2019</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>CBC Global Ammunition is a holding company which owns a number of subsidaries around the world, specialising in ammunition for portable weapons. The subsidiaries included: Companhia Brasileira de Cartuchos (CBC), or “Brazilian Cartridge Company”, a Brazilian company and one of the world’s biggest manufacturers of ammunition; Czech company <a href="https://www.sellier-bellot.cz/en/">Sellier &amp; Bellot</a>; MEN in Germany; and Magtech, based in Minnesota in the USA. The members of the CBC group produce a wide range of ammunition for the military, law enforcement, sport shooting and hunting, and claims a “presence in more than 130 countries”, producing over 1.7 billion rounds of ammunition a year. The companies making up CBC Global Ammunition are supply NATO, and is the largest privately-owned supplier of .50mm ammunition. The various companies collectively employ 3,500 people across its headquarters and three factories in Brazil, two factories in Europe, and one in the USA.</p> <p>CBC Global Ammunition was formed in April 2018 following a company restructuring. Before 2018, MEN, Magtech and Sellier &amp; Bellot were owned by CBC.</p> <p>The various companies regularly exhibit at arms fairs around the world, including DSEI in London, CSTM and LAAD in Brazil, Eurosatory in France, IDET in Czech Republic, Enforce Tac (an international trade fair for command, control and operational equipment used by security agencies), Germany and IDEX, UAE.</p> <h1>Companhia Brasileira de Cartuchos</h1> <p>The original CBC, this company was formed in 1926 and is based in São Paulo, Brazil with two production facilities in Rio Grande do Sul. CBC now appears to have two arms, with CBC Defense specialising in ammunition for military use including NATO, while CBC also offers ammunition for sports shooting, hunting, private security and law enforcement use, as well as the military.</p> <p>CBC Defense manufactures a wide range of ammunition for military use, including pistols, rifles, submachine guns, sniper rifles, as well as specialised ammunition for piercing armour, training, suppressed weapons and “tracer” bullets for use with night vision goggles at night. CNC Defense also produces 20mm, 30mm and 40mm “medium calibre” ammunition for use in various mounted cannons and turrets – including the M61 rotary cannon, KAA-AAB cannons, and grenade launchers such as the Heckler and Koch GMG 40mm grenade launcher.</p> <h1>MEN</h1> <p>Metallwerk Elisenhütte Nassaum or MEN, is a German company founded in 1957, with the original purpose of providing the newly formed Bundeswehr with ammunition – it now supplies the police in Canada, Norway and Switzerland, militaries across Europe, and the armies of Japan and Singapore. The company now employs around 300 people, and was acquired by CBC in 2007 when MEN was <a href="https://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/a-709123.html">facing serious financial concerns</a>. The company recorded sales of €72.7 million in 2016.</p> <p>In 2010, the company was accused by its own executives of breaking the War Weapons Control Act by transferring technology to its new parent company in Brazil, with CBC executives <a href="https://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/a-709123.html">travelling to Germany</a> to study technical drawings and compare data. The company denied the charges, saying they “only supply the good guys”, though the company supplies to a wide-range of countries around the world, including Libya.</p> <p>Journalists in Germany have criticsed for being happy for local media to report positive news about the company, but otherwise of <a href="https://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/a-709123-2.html">“muzzling” employees</a>, telling them not to share information with journalists. of not sharing information of the relationship between Magtech and its Brazilian parent company beyond a small circle within the company.</p> <h1>Sellier &amp; Bellot</h1> <p>Sellier &amp; Bellot was founded in 1825 and continues to be based in Vlašim, Czech Republic. It has been owned by CBC since 2009 and produces ammunition for a wide-range of purposes; from hunting to law enforcement to the military.</p> <h1>Magtech</h1> <p>Magtech was established in 1990 and is based in Minnesota, USA. Magtech distributes ammunition manufactured in Brazil by CBC, and markets to the US civilian market, police and military.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/war-profiteer-companies" hreflang="en">War profiteer companies</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/99" hreflang="en">Brazil</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/216" hreflang="en">United States of America</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/267" hreflang="en">Czech Republic</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/101" hreflang="en">Germany</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/507" hreflang="en">Police militarisation</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Police militarisation theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/pm-themes/equipment-training-and-tactics" hreflang="en">Equipment, training and tactics</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41858&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="pYypTIQMKImw9ubafkf8Pv03jga7rcAmYGEqNtw6NhE"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Fri, 25 Oct 2019 09:47:27 +0000 Andrew 41858 at https://www.wri-irg.org