Turkey: Stop the cycle of violence https://www.wri-irg.org/en en New Publication: Protection from Afar https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2020/new-publication-protection-afar <div data-history-node-id="42188" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2020-09/screenshot_2020-09-14_at_13.03.33.png?itok=HXbPfFtn 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/png"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-09/screenshot_2020-09-14_at_13.03.33.png?itok=imLrg_1l 1x" type="image/png"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2020-09/screenshot_2020-09-14_at_13.03.33.png?itok=imLrg_1l" alt="protection from afar booklet cover" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">[node:field_image:title]</div> <time > 10 Sep 2020</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The Working Group <em>Stop the Cycle of Violence in Turkey</em> published a new booklet, <em>Protection from Afar: How to support people in Turkey and visitors to Turkey in cases of persecution and arbitrary arrest. '</em>Stop the Cycle of Violence in Turkey' is coordinated by War Resisters' International and includes members from International Fellowship of Reconciliation Austria, Connection e.V., Federation for Social Defence e.V. as well as activists from Turkey.</p> <p><em>Protection from Afar </em>provides insights and advice about how to respond to the cases of persecution and/or threats to the safety of human rights defenders in Turkey where physical protective accompaniment is not feasible. </p> <p><strong>You can order a <a href="https://wri-irg.org/en/product/books/protection-afar">printed copy here</a></strong> <strong>or</strong> <strong>download a <a href="https://wri-irg.org/sites/default/files/public_files/2020-09/2020-09-protectionfromafar_onlineversion.pdf">pdf </a>or <a href="https://en.connection-ev.org/pdfs/2020-09-ProtectionfromAfar.epub">e-book (epub)</a> version</strong>.</p> <p>'Protective accompaniment from afar' means providing protection without being physically present in the country. It looks at what local people can do – particularly activists or friends of the persecuted. The booklet also explores what international supporters can do to help secure the safety of those seeking to peacefully exercise their democratic rights.</p> <p>Since 2016, the Turkish government has placed more than 220,000 people under investigation. Many have been arrested and sentenced to imprisonment, accused of supporting terrorism or the Gülen movement which has been deemed responsible for the July 2016 attempted coup.</p> <p>These charges would often not stand up to the rules of jurisprudence in a democratic state. Human rights defenders speak of arbitrary persecution of anyone who is critical of the current President and its administration.</p> <p>With the<em> Protection from Afar </em>booklet<em>, </em>'Stop the Cycle of Violence in Turkey' Working Group aims to provide advice to those seeking to offer support in cases of persecution of human rights activists, and of people whose only “crime” has been a critical comment on social media. </p> <p>You can order a printed copy here. </p> <p>You can also download it for free. For a pdf copy <a href="https://wri-irg.org/sites/default/files/public_files/2020-09/2020-09-protectionfromafar_onlineversion.pdf">click here</a>, for e-book (epub) copy <a href="https://en.connection-ev.org/pdfs/2020-09-ProtectionfromAfar.epub">click here</a>.</p> <p><b>Table of Contents:</b></p> <ul> <li>Abstract</li> <li>Introduction</li> <li>The concept of Protection from Afar</li> <li>Legal provisions in regard to criminal investigation, arrests and court cases</li> <li>Overarching issues when organizing protection</li> <li>The role and strategies of local grassroots‘ support groups and networks</li> <li>The role and strategies of international grassroots‘ support groups and networks</li> <li>The role and strategies of governmental support</li> <li>Conclusions</li> <li>Helpful resources</li> <li>About the WRI Working Group</li> </ul> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field field--name-upload field--type-file field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Attached file</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf icon-before"><span class="file-icon"><span class="icon glyphicon glyphicon-file text-primary" aria-hidden="true"></span></span><span class="file-link"><a href="https://www.wri-irg.org/sites/default/files/public_files/2020-09/2020-09-protectionfromafar_onlineversion.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=881243" title="Open file in new window" target="_blank" data-toggle="tooltip" data-placement="bottom">Protection from Afar</a></span><span class="file-size">860.59 KB</span></span></div> </div> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/turkey-stop-cycle-violence" hreflang="en">Turkey: Stop the cycle of violence</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/256" hreflang="en">Turkey</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=42188&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="EG_io8hb7OJJ68rrI_0qXHLyM6cWipK0aklR3hUyqjk"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Thu, 10 Sep 2020 13:47:14 +0000 cmoy 42188 at https://www.wri-irg.org Turkey: activists take action against arms shipment as military operation begins https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/turkey-activists-take-action-against-arms-shipment-military-operation-begins <div data-history-node-id="41835" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2019-10/bristol_action.jpg?itok=ZfQMCCV3 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-10/bristol_action.jpg?itok=xwe0ytMx 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2019-10/bristol_action.jpg?itok=xwe0ytMx" alt="A photo taken at dawn. In the foreground a number of people are lying on the road attached together with metal tubes. In the distance are a number of vehicles on the road." title="Activists in Bristol block an arms factory." typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">[node:field_image:title]</div> <time > 11 Oct 2019</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>As Turkey begins its military attack on Kurdish regions in northern Syria, leaving <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-50011468">dozens killed and tens of thousands fleeing their homes</a>, activists are taking action against arms shipments to the Turkish military, and some states are responding by suspending arms shipments.</p> <p>In Bristol, UK, four activists used lock-on tubes <a href="https://thebristolcable.org/2019/10/activists-block-filton-arms-companies-to-protest-turkeys-invasion-of-syria/">to blockade a site operated by arms companies</a> BAE Systems, MBDA and Airbus. The group blocked the entrance for four hours. BAE Systems have a £100 million deal with the Turkish Air Force to develop a new fighter jet, and the UK has exported over a billion pounds of arms to Turkey since 2014. WRI affiliate Campaign Against Arms Trade called for an immediate arms embargo - the British government announced a suspension of new arms export licenses to Turkey, but will continue delivering orders that have already received a license.</p> <p>Two states - Finland and Norway - have announced suspensions of arms sales to Turkey. The Finnish government has announced they will block all new arms export licenses to Turkey while the conflict continues - this will impact all future arms exports licenses, and WRI affiliate Sadankomitea (Committee of 100) are part of a call for the government's action to be extended to include the cancellation of all existing arms exports to Turkey.</p> <p><div class="embed-media embed-media--rich-twitter"><blockquote class="twitter-tweet"><p lang="en" dir="ltr" xml:lang="en" xml:lang="en">Together with <a href="https://twitter.com/Rauhanliitto?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@Rauhanliitto</a> we are also calling for the cancellation of existing arms export permits to Turkey. <a href="https://t.co/N3Ti75T580">https://t.co/N3Ti75T580</a></p>— Sadankomitea (@Sadankomitea) <a href="https://twitter.com/Sadankomitea/status/1182289184540758017?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">October 10, 2019</a></blockquote> <script async="" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script></div></p> <p>Norway took similar action, announcing an immediate suspension of arms sales - though the act was described as "largely symbolic", with relatively small exports of <a href="https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/5b32b17e6b194492bd434ee3bbbce01c/en-gb/pdfs/stm201720180019000engpdfs.pdf">around 24m Norwegian Korne </a>(£2 million, €2.4m, $2.6) worth of arms sales in 2017.</p> <p>A similar symbolic decision was taken by the government of Flanders, the Dutch speaking region of the Belgium.</p> <p>The vast majority of Dutch MPs backed sanctions against Turkey, including withdrawing military cooperation and a halt on arms deliveries to Turkey.</p> <p>In Germany, the Aktion Aufschrei campaign called on the German government to stop all arms exports to Turkey, and to cancel existing arms export licenses: <a href="https://www.aufschrei-waffenhandel.de/presse-video-audio/presseerklaerungen/11102019-aktion-aufschrei-sofortiges-ruestungsexportverbot-gegen-tuerkei/">https://www.aufschrei-waffenhandel.de/presse-video-audio/presseerklaeru…</a> The German government announced they would not allow any more weapons to be exported that could be used in the conflict.</p> <p>France also suspended all arms shipments to Turkey, and called on the European Union to consider an arms embargo against Turkey. The EU shipped $50m of arms to Turkey in 2018, mainly from Italy, Spain, UK and Germany.</p> <p><strong>Do you know of other action against arms shipments to Turkey? Let us know! Email <a href="mailto:info@wri-irg.org">info@wri-irg.org</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Updated 14/10/19 to include news of Germany and France.</strong></p> <p><strong>Updated 17/10/19 to add information about the UK.</strong></p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/war-profiteers" hreflang="en">War Profiteers</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/turkey-stop-cycle-violence" hreflang="en">Turkey: Stop the cycle of violence</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/256" hreflang="en">Turkey</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/266" hreflang="en">Norway</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/155" hreflang="en">Finland</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/92" hreflang="en">United Kingdom</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/158" hreflang="en">Syria</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/192" hreflang="en">Netherlands</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/166" hreflang="en">Belgium</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41835&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="8XSHB4vkhF1HLIb5l4tvtdRpmRHzfx7DR5rE84heQVg"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Fri, 11 Oct 2019 11:11:53 +0000 Andrew 41835 at https://www.wri-irg.org Statement on Turkey's military campaign in Northern Syria https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2019/statement-turkeys-military-campaign-northern-syria <div data-history-node-id="41840" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2018-02/karinca.jpg?itok=ZNY-tQgP 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-02/karinca.jpg?itok=2Ig-HatI 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-02/karinca.jpg?itok=2Ig-HatI" alt="Human Rights Foundation of Turkey Logo" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">[node:field_image:title]</div> <time > 12 Oct 2019</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Turkey has been running a military operation in northern Syria since 9th October, leaving dozens killed and tens of thousands fleeing their homes. Meanwhile, reports from inside Turkey cover stories of increasing oppression of the dissident voices opposing the war. Strongly condemning Turkey's ongoing military campaign, we are sharing the statement of Human Rights Foundation of Turkey and Human Rights Association below.</p> <h3>LIFE MATTERS, WAR KILLS! WE ARE AGAINST WARS!</h3> <p><em>It is, in fact, humanity itself that dies with each shot fired in wars. When you label some others enemies and dehumanize them, you actually trample on the most fundamental values of humanity.</em></p> <p>Today both Turkey and the world are in a severe crisis of humanity because there is a global state of emergency regime on the grounds of all kinds of “war” including economic, cultural, religious, ethnic and other ones. Violence, whether structural or physical, has been imposed on all societies as the sole fact of life. Thus, the ideal of peaceful coexistence based on human rights and democracy faces a great risk. The United Nations (UN), on the other hand, fails to promote human rights values and is far from protecting peace.</p> <p>We do not need to look far ahead, what has been happening in our next door neighbor Syria is the most concrete instance of this.</p> <p>Peoples in Syria, where all kinds of imperialist/colonialist powers have been involved in since 2011, have experienced so much pain and agony, have been so dehumanized that concepts like human rights and peace have no longer any meaning for them.</p> <p>Millions, who had no options other than violence, hunger, torture and death in their own countries, had to flee to lands occupied by people about whose language, culture and beliefs they knew nothing of by the simplest human urge to survive. Seldom were they lent a helping hand here. They were rather alienated; subjected to harassment, abuse, all kinds of discrimination and hate; they were otherized… They were robbed of their status as subjects bearing rights, thus, dehumanized: They have become nothing, nobody and invisible…</p> <p>Except for those involved in relationships based on self-interest, empty rhetoric and gratitude; can we, as people/citizens with common sense and conscience, argue with peace of mind that Turkey does not have the slightest share in this?</p> <p>We, as human rights defender organizations that are guided by universal principles and norms which hold their independence and impartiality above all else, have from the outset persistently opposed any involvement in the Syrian War because of others’ political ambitions, dreams and opportunism. We have qualified this as adventurousness because the values we are dedicated to tell us that it is essentially life that matters. We cannot talk about rights if there is no life. War and violence, however, are the arch enemies of life.</p> <p>When we focus our attention to a much closer place to our country, we see the ways in which the idea of peaceful coexistence based on human rights and democracy has been abandoned piece by piece through the de facto and permanent state of emergency regime that started with preferring violence in the resolution of the Kurdish issue once again since the summer of 2015 and maintained by such grounds as coup d’états, regime changes, personal survival matters. The concepts of “survival” and “violence” have formed the basic rhetoric of the political power in this process during which the constitution and laws were ignored; all political and non-governmental institutions, particularly the parliament itself, were rendered dysfunctional and ineffective; all identities other than the dominant one, notably the Kurds, women and LGBTI+ individuals, were attempted to be annulled by developing antagonistic and disregarding content. The government has been trying to consolidate its power particularly over its survival discourse. The fact, however, is this very discourse itself leads to polarization in the society enough to create a survival problem and it pushes off and casts out especially the Kurds.</p> <p>The military offensive launched into north-eastern Syria yesterday without deriving even the slightest lesson from what is happening today, is imposed on the society as if it was an indisputable necessity. Its reason, on the other hand, is quite clear: the political power’s need to manufacture social consent as it struggles with governance problems due to the economic, social and political crisis brought about by the erroneous policies pursued, notably those we have mentioned above.</p> <p>History has also taught us that the easiest way to manufacture consent for governments that drift away from rule of law and democratic values all over the world has always been to start wars. But governments have always ignored this simple rule: There are no victors in wars!</p> <p>What is even more tragic is that the parliament has extended the mandate for military action which allows for cross-border operations for another year without being able to remember this rule.</p> <p>The military offensive into north-eastern Syria will, before anything else, violate the right to life of thousands, maybe tens of thousands of people. News reports on numerous casualties have started to come in as the military campaign started.</p> <p>This offensive will lead to new suffering for Syrian peoples, notably those living in the regions targeted by the offensive, to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of civilians, thus, to a new humanitarian crisis. The building of peace and calm that Syria is in urgent need of will be put off to a far away future. It will further deepen and prolong the economic crisis, felt profoundly by workers and the poor.</p> <p>The political power will be attempting to further intensify and make permanent its state of emergency practices, which it has been maintaining de facto for a long time, by taking advantage of war. Numerous fundamental rights and freedoms will be restricted, notably freedoms of thought and expression along with assembly and association, therefore, the political and civilian fields will be turned into a field of control/measure in their entirety by rendering citizens’ agency impossible which has been prevented and violently repressed at every opportunity.</p> <p>Above all, the ideal/desire of peaceful coexistence based on human rights and democracy will be irrecoverably destroyed.</p> <p>Further, enforced transfer and/or refoulement of millions of Syrians taking refuge in Turkey to north and north-eastern Syria is also against the “Geneva Convention” on the protection of civilian persons. Article 45 of the Convention clearly prescribes that a protected person shall in no circumstances be transferred to a country where he or she may have reason to fear persecution. Moreover, causing such population movements by arms and force is a violation of humanitarian law. Besides, what is at stake is millions of people, not a simple item of cargo…</p> <p>Consequently, human rights ethics and principles we are committed to require us to unconditionally stand against wars because we know that it is, in fact, humanity itself that dies with each shot fired in wars. When you label some others as enemies and dehumanize them, you actually trample on the most fundamental values of humanity. Therefore, the military offensive launched should immediately be put to an end in order to prevent further casualties and non-violent, peaceful solutions should be explored. We, hereby, invite all persons and institutions respecting human rights, democracy and peace acknowledge the threats we are facing and to protect the ideal of peaceful coexistence, to put in their efforts to stop the military offensive.</p> <p><strong>Human Rights Association, Human Rights Foundation of Turkey</strong></p> <p>10th October</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/turkey-stop-cycle-violence" hreflang="en">Turkey: Stop the cycle of violence</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/256" hreflang="en">Turkey</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41840&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="PRE4Mgb3xV30ikadrGyUb4O0g8vSbCgFzlTnt6ap7_o"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Sat, 12 Oct 2019 19:43:51 +0000 cmoy 41840 at https://www.wri-irg.org Silent/Invisible Resistance to Turkish Military https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/silentinvisible-resistance-turkish-military <div data-history-node-id="41619" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2018-11/728xauto.jpg?itok=_nehPBeF 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-11/728xauto.jpg?itok=Aaod84vt 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-11/728xauto.jpg?itok=Aaod84vt" alt="&quot;Vicdani ret&quot; graffiti " typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">[node:field_image:title]</div> <time > 10 Oct 2018</time> <div class="field field--name-dynamic-twig-fieldnode-author-name-twig field--type-ds field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Author(s)</div> <div class="field--item"> <span>Rudi Friedrich in collaboration with a human rights activist from Turkey</span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>At the beginning of March 2018, Ahmet Alcan declared his desertion from the Turkish army, becoming the only person to publicly announce their refusal to take part in the war in Afrin. Ahmet left the army just three days before his deployment. “Together with me two other soldiers were called up. It seems that they have to take part in the operation in Afrin. The soldiers don’t want to go but they are forced to.”<sup><a href="#sdfootnote1sym" name="sdfootnote1anc" id="sdfootnote1anc"><sup>1</sup></a></sup> Turkish authorities have announced that only professional soldiers have been deployed in Syria during the military operation, but human rights activists and other sources report that conscripts were also sent to Syria.</p> <p>On March 18, 2018, Turkish President Tayyip Erdoğan announced the victory in Afrin, as units of the Free Syrian Army (FSA) backed by Turkish troops entered the town. Just one week later Erdoğan announced that Turkey will take control of the neighbouring area Tal Rifaat as well.<sup><a href="#sdfootnote2sym" name="sdfootnote2anc" id="sdfootnote2anc"><sup>2</sup></a></sup> Some days later the Turkish Security Council decided to intervene in Manbij, another area close to Turkey and controlled by the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG), who are backed by the USA: “Unless the terrorists leave Manbij immediately, Turkey will not hesitate to take the initiative there, as it has done in other regions.”<sup><a href="#sdfootnote3sym" name="sdfootnote3anc" id="sdfootnote3anc"><sup>3</sup></a></sup> The belligerent policy of the Turkish government to attack and invade areas in neighbouring countries like Syria continues.</p> <p>According to numbers published in The Guardian, over 200,000 civilians have fled the Kurdish-majority city and many dozens have been killed since the Turkish invasion.<sup><a href="#sdfootnote4sym" name="sdfootnote4anc" id="sdfootnote4anc"><sup>4</sup></a></sup> At the end of March, the Afrin Liberation Congress, held under Turkey’s authority, announced that the region will be governed as part of the Turkish province of Antakya.<sup><a href="#sdfootnote5sym" name="sdfootnote5anc" id="sdfootnote5anc"><sup>5</sup></a></sup> Writing in the Independent, Patrick Cockburn indicated that Yezidi Kurds were forced to convert to Islam and that names of villages were changed.<sup><a href="#sdfootnote6sym" name="sdfootnote6anc" id="sdfootnote6anc"><sup>6</sup></a></sup> In May 2018 the United Nations Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) confirmed that Turkey was settling Palestinian refugees in Afrin.<sup><a href="#sdfootnote7sym" name="sdfootnote7anc" id="sdfootnote7anc"><sup>7</sup></a></sup> It seems that Turkey aims to expel the Kurdish population in this area to break the role of the Kurds majority.</p> <p>In July 2018, the Turkish government declared it's withdrawal from Afrin, but the Free Syrian Army which controls the area is still backed by Turkey. The governor is sent by the Turkish authorities from Hatay, and Islamic rules are dominating everyday life.<sup><a href="#sdfootnote8sym" name="sdfootnote8anc" id="sdfootnote8anc"><sup>8</sup></a></sup></p> <p lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><b>Refusing to participate in the Turkish military</b></p> <p lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">During the war, the number of requests to support groups for war resisters in Istanbul increased. Recruits were asking for help to avoid being called up - they didn’t want to go to the military and risk being ordered to fight in Afrin or in another war zone. They didn’t want it to be known by the publicly - they didn’t declare their conscientious objection - but their decision was quite clear: to say no to the war.</p> <p align="JUSTIFY" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">According to the website of the Association for Conscientious Objection (<a href="http://vicdaniret.org/">http://vicdaniret.org/</a>), about 300 men have declared their conscientious objection in recent years. The number is not high but only includes people who chose to make their declaration public. The real number is not known. On the other hand it shouldn’t be underestimated, how important their decision is to go on public and to make clear which are the reasons to refuse.</p> <p align="JUSTIFY">Among these refusers <font color="#222222">is the ecologist and conscientious objector Sergen Sucu. He came under investigation recently. Investigations are opened over and over again against supporters of conscientious objectors like the Co-chair of the Conscientious Objection Association, Merve Arkun, recently. </font>Both Sucu and Arkun<font color="#222222"> are accused of terrorist propaganda.</font><sup><font color="#222222"><a href="#sdfootnote9sym" name="sdfootnote9anc" id="sdfootnote9anc"><sup>9</sup></a></font></sup></p> <p align="JUSTIFY">Conscientious objectors and their supporters are put under repeated investigation by authorities – Sergen Seku, an ecologist and conscientious objector, and Merve Arkun, the co-chair of the Conscientious Objection Assocation, have both been recently accused of spreading terrorist propaganda.<sup><font color="#222222"><a href="#sdfootnote10sym" name="sdfootnote10anc" id="sdfootnote10anc"><sup>10</sup></a></font></sup></p> <p align="JUSTIFY">As well as the small number of people who declare their objection publicly, there are vast numbers of men who do not declare their objection, but still hide and avoid contact with authorities. They are classed by the Turkish state as “evaders”. Based on the information given by the Minister of Defence in March 2017 there are around 450,000 evaders.<sup><a href="#sdfootnote11sym" name="sdfootnote11anc" id="sdfootnote11anc"><sup>11</sup></a></sup></p> <p align="JUSTIFY">Another category are those conscripts living in Turkey who prefer to pay money to receive exemption from military service, a process known as ‘paid service’. This is only a possibility occasionally, in accordance with specific laws. Recently, July 26, 2018, the Turkish parliament passed a new bill with a regulation valid for three months.<sup><a href="#sdfootnote12sym" name="sdfootnote12anc" id="sdfootnote12anc"><sup>12</sup></a></sup> The last paid service law, which passed in 2014 and only valid for conscripts who were older than 27, was used by about 204,000 men.<sup><a href="#sdfootnote13sym" name="sdfootnote13anc" id="sdfootnote13anc"><sup>13</sup></a></sup></p> <p align="JUSTIFY">Turkish conscripts living abroad are also eligible for paid service at any time, and hundreds of thousands have used this process in the past.<sup><a href="#sdfootnote14sym" name="sdfootnote14anc" id="sdfootnote14anc"><sup>14</sup></a></sup></p> <p align="JUSTIFY">The Turkish Minister of Defence recently released figures on another group of conscripts - those who are deemed medical unfit to serve. According to a response to a parliamentary questionnaire<sup><a href="#sdfootnote15sym" name="sdfootnote15anc" id="sdfootnote15anc"><sup>15</sup></a></sup>, between 1<sup>st</sup> January 2015 and 31<sup>st</sup> July 2017, 155,059 men received medical reports stating that they are not liable to perform military service.<sup><a href="#sdfootnote16sym" name="sdfootnote16anc" id="sdfootnote16anc"><sup>16</sup></a></sup> Additionally, numbers given by the Minister of Defence in March 2017 suggest there are 2.8 million people who have postponed their military service on legal grounds.<sup><a href="#sdfootnote17sym" name="sdfootnote17anc" id="sdfootnote17anc"><sup>17</sup></a></sup></p> <p lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">Millions of Turkish people try to avoid going to the military. It seems that there is a high but often unseen level of disobedience, as young men vote with their feet. Under the current circumstances in Turkey, with high levels of oppression, there is less chance that this will be made public, so single individuals speaking out about their refusal is very important.</p> <p><font size="2"><a href="#sdfootnote1anc" name="sdfootnote1sym" id="sdfootnote1sym">1</a> ANF News: Mutiger Soldat desertiert, statt nach Afrin in den Krieg zu ziehen. March 1, 2018. <a href="https://anfdeutsch.com/rojava-syrien/mutiger-soldat-desertiert-statt-nach-efrin-in-den-krieg-zu-ziehen-2758">https://anfdeutsch.com/rojava-syrien/mutiger-soldat-desertiert-statt-na…</a></font></p> <p lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><a href="#sdfootnote2anc" name="sdfootnote2sym" id="sdfootnote2sym">2</a> <a href="https://ahvalnews.com/turkish-politics/we-will-take-control-tal-rifaat-finish-operation-erdogan">https://ahvalnews.com/turkish-politics/we-will-take-control-tal-rifaat-…</a></font></p> <p lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><a href="#sdfootnote3anc" name="sdfootnote3sym" id="sdfootnote3sym">3</a> <a href="https://ahvalnews.com/manbij/turkish-security-council-resolved-take-manbij">https://ahvalnews.com/manbij/turkish-security-council-resolved-take-man…</a></font></p> <p lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><a href="#sdfootnote4anc" name="sdfootnote4sym" id="sdfootnote4sym">4</a> <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/18/turkey-claims-afrin-city-centre-under-total-control-syria">https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/mar/18/turkey-claims-afrin-city-…</a></font></p> <p lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><a href="#sdfootnote5anc" name="sdfootnote5sym" id="sdfootnote5sym">5</a> <a href="https://ahvalnews.com/afrin/congress-makes-afrin-part-turkish-province">https://ahvalnews.com/afrin/congress-makes-afrin-part-turkish-province</a></font></p> <p lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><a href="#sdfootnote6anc" name="sdfootnote6sym" id="sdfootnote6sym">6</a> <a href="https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/syria-yazidis-isis-islam-conversion-afrin-persecution-kurdish-a8310696.html">https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/syria-yazidis-isis…</a></font></p> <p lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><font size="2"><a href="#sdfootnote7anc" name="sdfootnote7sym" id="sdfootnote7sym">7</a> <a href="https://ahvalnews.com/afrin/turkey-settling-palestinians-syrias-afrin-un">https://ahvalnews.com/afrin/turkey-settling-palestinians-syrias-afrin-un</a></font></p> <p><a href="#sdfootnote8anc" name="sdfootnote8sym" id="sdfootnote8sym">8</a> NZZ, July 5, 2018, <a href="https://www.nzz.ch/international/die-tuerkei-macht-sich-unter-den-kurden-in-afrin-wenig-freunde-ld.1400828">https://www.nzz.ch/international/die-tuerkei-macht-sich-unter-den-kurde…</a></p> <p><a href="#sdfootnote9anc" name="sdfootnote9sym" id="sdfootnote9sym">9</a> <font color="#0000ff"><u><a href="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/turkey-investigation-against-conscientious-objection-association-co-chair-merve-arkun">https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/turkey-investigation-against-conscientious-objection-association-co-chair-merve-arkun</a></u></font> and <a href="https://anfdeutsch.com/aktuelles/Sirnex-kriegsdienstverweigerer-festgenommen-5268">https://anfdeutsch.com/aktuelles/Sirnex-kriegsdienstverweigerer-festgen…</a></p> <p><a href="#sdfootnote10anc" name="sdfootnote10sym" id="sdfootnote10sym">10</a> <font color="#0000ff"><u><a href="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/turkey-investigation-against-conscientious-objection-association-co-chair-merve-arkun">https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/turkey-investigation-against-conscientious-objection-association-co-chair-merve-arkun</a></u></font> and <a href="https://anfdeutsch.com/aktuelles/Sirnex-kriegsdienstverweigerer-festgenommen-5268">https://anfdeutsch.com/aktuelles/Sirnex-kriegsdienstverweigerer-festgen…</a></p> <p lang="tr-TR" xml:lang="tr-TR"><font size="2"><a href="#sdfootnote11anc" name="sdfootnote11sym" id="sdfootnote11sym">11</a> <a href="http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/gundem/bakandan-flas-bedelli-askerlik-aciklamasi-40389541">http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/gundem/bakandan-flas-bedelli-askerlik-acikla…</a></font></p> <p><a href="#sdfootnote12anc" name="sdfootnote12sym" id="sdfootnote12sym">12</a> Information given by Turkish activists, July 28, 2018 as well as <font color="#0000ff"><u><a href="https://www.haberler.com/bedelli-askerlik-duzenlemesini-iceren-torba-yasa-11110097-haberi">https://www.haberler.com/bedelli-askerlik-duzenlemesini-iceren-torba-yasa-11110097-haberi</a></u></font>, August 3, 2018</p> <p><a href="#sdfootnote13anc" name="sdfootnote13sym" id="sdfootnote13sym">13</a><font size="2"> </font><font size="2"><a href="https://www.a24.com.tr/bedelli-askerlikte-son-durum-nedir---2018de-bedelli-askerlik-cikacak-mi-haberi-40116885h.html?h=52">https://www.a24.com.tr/bedelli-askerlikte-son-durum-nedir---2018de-bede…</a></font></p> <p><a href="#sdfootnote14anc" name="sdfootnote14sym" id="sdfootnote14sym">14</a> Gürsel Yıldırım und Julian Irlenkäuser: Die Freikaufsregelung – Ein Milliardengeschäft. In: Türkei – Es gibt viele Gründe Nein zu sagen, Offenbach 2013.</p> <p><a href="#sdfootnote15anc" name="sdfootnote15sym" id="sdfootnote15sym">15</a> A parliamentary question is a way of obtaining information from the Prime Minister or minister through a motion on certain matters concerning the duties and activities of the government.  Questions can be oral or written depending on the required form of reply. <a href="https://global.tbmm.gov.tr/index.php/EN/yd/icerik/34">https://global.tbmm.gov.tr/index.php/EN/yd/icerik/34</a></p> <p lang="tr-TR" xml:lang="tr-TR"><font size="2"><a href="#sdfootnote16anc" name="sdfootnote16sym" id="sdfootnote16sym">16</a> <a href="http://www.haber7.com/siyaset/haber/2461072-bakan-acikladi-curuk-raporunda-rekor">http://www.haber7.com/siyaset/haber/2461072-bakan-acikladi-curuk-raporu…</a></font></p> <p><a href="#sdfootnote17anc" name="sdfootnote17sym" id="sdfootnote17sym">17</a> According to the art.35 of the Law on Conscription (no.1111) there are different grounds for postponement such as education and health issues.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-author-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Author information</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--authors-and-bios paragraph--id--_96 paragraph--view-mode--bio-only"> <div class="field field--name-field-bio field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Rudi Friedrich is founder and Coordinator of Connection e.V. This article has been written together with a Turkish activist who cannot be named due to security concerns.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/turkey-stop-cycle-violence" hreflang="en">Turkey: Stop the cycle of violence</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/1" hreflang="en">Right to Refuse to Kill</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/256" hreflang="en">Turkey</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/57" hreflang="en">Conscientious objection</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41619&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="Z2QZkn6vUouaQp6LabrQ3x7e2yX4aY3JOZjLj_Z284o"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Wed, 10 Oct 2018 09:16:42 +0000 cmoy 41619 at https://www.wri-irg.org A visit to Turkey at a time of oppression and war https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/visit-turkey-time-oppression-and-war <div data-history-node-id="41496" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <time > 25 May 2018</time> <div class="field field--name-dynamic-twig-fieldnode-author-name-twig field--type-ds field--label-inline"> <div class="field--label">Author(s)</div> <div class="field--item"> <span>Rudi Friedrich</span> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>At first sight, not much in Istanbul shows that the country is at war. The queues of tourists at passport control are long. Everything is running as normal. Main shopping roads like İstiklal are full of people. But those who travel by metro often have to change trains at Yenikapı station, where you now find an exhibition glorifying war and the military.</p> <p>The exhibition runs under the title “Çanakkale has a message to Afrin”. It exhibits devotional objects of the war in Gallipoli, Turkish Çanakkale, where the Ottoman Empire fought a victorious battle against the British and French navy more than one hundred years ago. The current war in Afrin is seen as a continuation of this. The Ottoman Empire is on its way to being resurrected.</p> <p>We went to Istanbul as a Working Group of the international antimilitarist nonviolent network War Resisters’ International (WRI), and visited Turkey between the 19th—25th March 2018. The Turkey Working Group of WRI consists of members of <a href="https://www.connection-ev.org/">Connection e.V.,</a> <a href="https://www.soziale-verteidigung.de/startseite">Bund fuer Soziale Verteidigung</a> (BSV), the <a href="http://www.versoehnungsbund.at/english/">International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR) Austria</a>, War Resisters’ International (WRI), <a href="https://latransicionera.net/">La Transicionera</a> (Spain) and activists from Turkey. It was formed during the violent conflict in the southeast of Turkey in 2015/16, and went public with the demand to stop the cycle of violence in Turkey. This time we wanted to meet peace and human rights activists from Turkey, hear about their situation and their plans and actions in view of the war in Afrin and in view of a tense human rights situation.</p> <p>After our week in Istanbul we can say that the sustained deterioration of the human rights situation is really horrifying. Since Turkey's operation in the north of Syria started, it is very difficult for activists in Turkey to even use terms like “peace”, to criticise the war in Afrin or to demand the return of a peace process with the Kurdish population. Some organisations decided not to publish statements because they saw that the board of the Medical Chamber were arrested just after giving a statement against the war. The Turkish authorities have also started investigations because of comments on social media, so many activists have refrained from giving statements on social media.</p> <p>What remains in public is the view of the conformist Turkish media. It shows broad support for the war and the policy of the government under President Tayyip Erdoğan. Opposition to the war is barely visible.</p> <p>Nevertheless, the Working Group found that—contrary to the picture given by Turkish media—popular support of the war in Afrin is not unequivocal. During our visit, we found that human rights organisations are approached on a daily basis by men who do not want to serve in this war. Iin spite of fear and harsh responses by police, there are still activities going on to protest the war. During the week of our stay, for example, students at Bosphorus University in Istanbul dared to unfold a banner saying “No” to the war. They were immediately labelled as traitors and terrorists by the Turkish President. Following this, 10 students were arrested on charges of 'making propaganda for a terrorist organisation'.</p> <p>Turkish peace and human rights activists have a clear demand about what should be done internationally: arms sales to Turkey should stop immediately. The European Union is still supporting Turkey with high levels of arms exports. A second share of three billion Euros will be transferred for the refugee deal. 80 million has been paid to support the Turkish border patrol, which Turkey used to buy armoured vehicle. And arms trade is still going on – since the offensive in Afrin Germany alone has exported ammunition and other goods worth 4,4 million Euros. And in spite all of the denials, it seems that the release of journalist Deniz Yücel was paid for by Germany with 31 permissions for exports between December 2017 and January 2018, probably including tanks. The activists from Turkey gave a clear comment on this: “The war in Afrin as well as the oppression in Turkey, particularly in the Kurdish regions, is made possible by arms which came especially from Germany, Spain, Italy and Russia. As long as countries continue to sell weapons, these are used for the oppression and the violation of human rights. One main step to hinder this would be to stop the arms trade immediately!”. And we have to add: the continuing support of the Turkish government with money and arms has to be regarded as a legitimation of the policy of the Turkish government and its course of oppression, human rights violations and war. It has to be stopped immediately.</p> <p>Rudi Friedrich: A visit in Turkey in times of war. April 2, 2018</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-author-information field--type-entity-reference-revisions field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Author information</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <div class="paragraph paragraph--type--authors-and-bios paragraph--id--_71 paragraph--view-mode--bio-only"> <div class="field field--name-field-bio field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Rudi Friedrich, <a href="https://www.connection-ev.org/">Connection e.V.</a></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/turkey-stop-cycle-violence" hreflang="en">Turkey: Stop the cycle of violence</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/256" hreflang="en">Turkey</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/63" hreflang="en">arms trade</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41496&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="Hanp2IGTe1LZgfpzTxij5RyhdPzT8_Xn_CGtpRu4SPE"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Fri, 25 May 2018 09:39:02 +0000 HBrock 41496 at https://www.wri-irg.org Turkish peace and human rights activists call to stop arms trade to Turkey https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/turkish-peace-and-human-rights-activists-call-stop-arms-trade-turkey <div data-history-node-id="41446" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2018-04/turkey_copyrightconnection-ev.jpg?itok=ZOQV_EHC 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-04/turkey_copyrightconnection-ev.jpg?itok=RrycfVlh 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-04/turkey_copyrightconnection-ev.jpg?itok=RrycfVlh" alt="Turkey: Stop the Cycle of Violence" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">[node:field_image:title]</div> <time > 11 Apr 2018</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>On a recent visit to Turkey, an international delegation from War Resisters’ International spoke to Turkish peace and human rights activists, who have demanded that the arms trade to Turkey should stop immediately. “The war in Afrin as well as the oppression in Turkey, particularly in the Kurdish regions, is made possible by arms which came especially from Germany, Spain, Italy and Russia. As long as countries continue to sell weapons, these are used for the oppression and the violation of human rights. One main step to hinder this would be to stop the arms trade immediately”, one human rights defender told the group.</p> <p>The <a href="https://www.wri-irg.org/en/programmes/turkey-stop-cycle-violence">Turkey Working Group of WRI</a> consists of members of <a href="https://de.connection-ev.org/">Connection e.V.</a>, <a href="https://www.soziale-verteidigung.de">Bund fuer Soziale Verteidigung</a> (BSV), <a href="http://www.versoehnungsbund.at/">International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR) Austria</a>, War Resisters’ International (WRI), <a href="https://latransicionera.net/">La </a><a href="https://latransicionera.net/">Transicionera</a> (Spain) and activists from Turkey. The working group was formed during the violent conflict in the southeast of Turkey in 2015/16, and went public with the demand to stop the cycle of violence in Turkey.</p> <p>The group was horrified by the increasing deterioration in the human rights situation in Turkey. Since Turkey's operation in North Syria started, it is very difficult for activists in Turkey to even use terms like “peace” or demand the return to a peace process with the Kurdish population. Nevertheless, during talks with different groups and organisations, the Working Group also found that contrary to the picture given by Turkish media, popular support of the war in Afrin is not unequivocal. An independent survey suggests 30% of the population do not support the conflict, and human rights organisations are approached on a daily basis by men who do not want to serve in this war. And, in spite of fear and harsh responses by police, there are still activities going on to protest the war. Just this past week, for example, students at an Istanbul university dared to unfold a banner saying “no” to the war. They were immediately labelled as traitors and terrorists by the Turkish President.</p> <p>Regarding the upcoming peace marches at Easter, the Working Group on Turkey calls to strengthen these activities by declaring solidarity for peace and human rights groups in Turkey, and to take a clear stand against the arms trade to Turkey.</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/turkey-stop-cycle-violence" hreflang="en">Turkey: Stop the cycle of violence</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/256" hreflang="en">Turkey</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/63" hreflang="en">arms trade</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41446&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="xcqN3fvk-qmvl_9Bhn3EJOERWaQvtG_Jbd9R_vrRIHg"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Wed, 11 Apr 2018 15:32:40 +0000 cmoy 41446 at https://www.wri-irg.org Statement on Turkey's military intervention in Northern Syria https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/statement-turkeys-military-intervention-northern-syria <div data-history-node-id="41404" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2018-02/karinca.jpg?itok=ZNY-tQgP 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-02/karinca.jpg?itok=2Ig-HatI 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2018-02/karinca.jpg?itok=2Ig-HatI" alt="Human Rights Foundation of Turkey" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">[node:field_image:title]</div> <time > 22 Feb 2018</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The Turkish military has been running an operation called 'Olive Branch' in Syria since 20th January 2018. Reports from the region show the human cost of the ongoing operation, including <a href="http://www.syriahr.com/en/?p=85193">hundreds of </a><a href="http://www.syriahr.com/en/?p=85193">dead</a><a href="http://www.syriahr.com/en/?p=85193"> as well as injured</a>; and show how it has <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/02/pro-government-fighters-move-syria-afrin-180220145017422.html">fuel</a><a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/02/pro-government-fighters-move-syria-afrin-180220145017422.html">led</a><a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/02/pro-government-fighters-move-syria-afrin-180220145017422.html"> conflict</a> in the region.</p> <p lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">Meanwhile, reports from inside Turkey cover stories of increasing oppression of the dissident voices opposed to war. These include <a href="http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/mass-roundups-turkey-erdogan-cracks-down-critics-syrian-offensive-1657167">hundreds of people detained or arrested </a>due to their social media posts criticising the government and its military intervention, as well as the arrests and detainment of the prominent figures, such as the Turkish Medical Association council members who opposed the military operation declaring <a href="http://bianet.org/english/human-rights/194046-doctors-from-turkish-medical-association-released?bia_source=rss">“war is a matter of public health”</a>.</p> <p lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">War Resisters' International stands in solidarity with activists in Turkey supporting peace and opposing war in Syria, Turkey and elsewhere. Below is a statement by the Human Rights Association and <a href="http://en.tihv.org.tr/">Human Rights Foundation of Turkey</a>, which WRI's Turkey Working Group endorses, on the ongoing military operation in Northern Syria.</p> <h2>War Kills! No to War! We Want Peace!</h2> <p>The statements of the Turkish political authority regarding military intervention into Afrin in Syrian lands turned into a hot war on 20 January 2018. The air operation to Afrin was launched subsequent to the statements of the President of the Republic and then of General Staff. Additionally, it is understood from the images of the press that the ground assault was also launched together with the participation of the so-called Free Syrian Army (FSA) consisted of nondescript paramilitary groups which were transported into Syrian lands through Turkey.</p> <p>In our previous statements we warned the political authority and announced our attitude towards not entering into such a hot war.</p> <p>Although there is an attempt to gloss over some clear facts of war, we would like to share the basic, ordinary truth once again:</p> <p>War kills, mutilates, causes immigration, affects especially children, women, LGBTI+s, is the source of grave human rights violations, particularly torture; leads to deep traumas in societies’ emotional worlds to be handed over new generations; war is ecological destruction, war wipes out economic sources.</p> <p>Specifically we would like to share with the public that there are issues in the statement made by the General Staff on 20 January 2018, which do not satisfy the democratic public opinion and are contrary to the law and legitimacy.</p> <p>First of all, in order for Turkey to carry out military intervention in Syrian and Iraqi lands, the need for an UNSC decision is known by anyone. The Article 91 of the Constitution requires this. The authorisation for use of force issued by the Government is not sufficient for this action. In the statement of the General Staff, they addressed to the UNSC decisions with regard to counter terrorism. However, these decisions are not regarded with the organisations declared by the UNSC as terrorist organisations. As known by the General Staff, the so-called Daesh is included in the justification for the operation. The whole world knows that there is no Daesh in Afrin. Under this circumstances, performance of military aggression into lands of another country by justifying the organisations which are not addressed in the UNSC decisions is not valid before the public opinion and UN. Moreover, the threats and attacks from Syria’s Afrin to Turkey must be concretely put forward. Such an attack (other than harassment fires at the border) has not been declared to the public. Therefore, the basis for the Article 51 of the UN Charter is not formed.</p> <p>It is also remarkable that the justification for an aggression meaning declaration of war was announced by the General Staff. The Parliament and Government are actually deactivated.</p> <p>It is indicated in the statement by the General Staff that maximum care will be given for preventing civilian casualties. However, as a result of the aggression performed, the news and images indicating tens of civilian injuries and deaths in the several media outlets raises deep concerns. Turkey is a party to the Geneva Conventions and should be aware of its responsibility of actions. We would like to share once again our concern that the possibilities in Afrin where hundreds of thousands of people live may give rise to humanitarian catastrophe.</p> <p>As indicated above, we would like to state that the threat required for Turkey to attack Afrin region is not concretely available. The impression is taken that Turkey started a warmongering action which can lead to grave sufferings as such in order for the political authority in Turkey to continue its oppressive and authoritarian character and State of Emergency. Assessing as a threat the government established by the communities being relatives and cognates of the Kurdish and Alewite people living in Turkey together with other peoples is contrary to democracy and human rights. This situation may give rise to profound polarisation between the peoples who want to live together with peace in Turkey, and endanger Turkey’s domestic peace. We invite the political authority to back down from this lunatic warmongering actions. We call on the political authority once again:</p> <p>Back down from the policies based on war, conflicts inside and outside country. There is an opportunity to live together with all the peoples and belief groups within the scope of the democratic rules as long as the will for solution of these problems is demonstrated in peaceful and democratic ways. Just like numerous examples in the world, Turkey needs genuine conflict resolution for the solution to the Kurdish Question.</p> <p>Turning the process of 15 July 2016 coup attempt, which was successfully suppressed, into a counter-coup and ruling the country through State of Emergency as of 20 July 2016, the political authority confronted the country with a fait accompli and dragged the country into a hot war now by justifying their actions considering the government of Syrian Cantons. Unless the political authority backs down from these policies, it is apparent that Turkey will be governed in accordance with state of war. Under circumstances as such, there will be nothing to say regarding human rights and democracy.</p> <p>We call on the public opinion, especially human rights movements and institutions in Turkey and World to end this war before it spreads and to take initiative and take the action regarding solution to the problems via dialogue and negotiation.</p> <p>We Defend Peace Against War!<br /> We Purposely Say Peace!</p> <p> HUMAN RIGHTS ASSOCIATION</p> <p>HUMAN RIGHTS FOUNDATION OF TURKEY</p> <p> </p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/turkey-stop-cycle-violence" hreflang="en">Turkey: Stop the cycle of violence</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/256" hreflang="en">Turkey</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/158" hreflang="en">Syria</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=41404&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="6EDImBGWwQH9uFV4UmIJjfMwpu2ICiuhzD1VBzqfoDs"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Thu, 22 Feb 2018 14:53:19 +0000 cmoy 41404 at https://www.wri-irg.org Turkey: Dr. Serdar Kuni sentenced to more than 4 years despite the absence of concrete evidence https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2017/turkey-dr-serdar-kuni-sentenced-more-4-years-despite-absence-concrete-evidence <div data-history-node-id="27224" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <picture> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_desktop/public/2017-05/rsz_1sirnak_andreas_24april.img_assist_custom-243x182.jpg?itok=2nwwzwTf 1x" media="screen and (min-width: 992px)" type="image/jpeg"/> <source srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2017-05/rsz_1sirnak_andreas_24april.img_assist_custom-243x182.jpg?itok=gl3SO6eI 1x" type="image/jpeg"/> <img src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/single_page_mobiles_and_tablets/public/2017-05/rsz_1sirnak_andreas_24april.img_assist_custom-243x182.jpg?itok=gl3SO6eI" alt="International delegation at Serdar Kuni&#039;s trial in Sirnak/Turkey" title="International delegation at Serdar Kuni&#039;s trial in Sirnak/Turkey" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </picture> <div class="caption">[node:field_image:title]</div> <time > 25 Apr 2017</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><em>On 24 April 2017, War Resisters' International joined a group of international organisations to observe the second hearing of Serdar Küni, a doctor and veteran human rights defender from Turkey imprisoned last October. Below is the statement of the international delegation, including Andreas Speck from War Resisters' International, explaining their concerns from the trial yesterday.</em></p> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"> <!--break--></p><p>Dr. Serdar Küni, a medical doctor working in the Cizre office of Human Rights Foundation Turkey, was convicted of section 220/7 of the Turkish Penal Code, “aiding and abetting terrorist organizations”, on 24 April 2017 during the second hearing of his trial.</p> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">The court sentenced Dr. Kuni to four years, two months imprisonment, but released him from prison pending his appeal. No written judgment to explain the ruling is yet available.</p> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">The charges were based on allegations that Dr. Kuni provided medical treatment in a secret location to individuals who were said to belong to a terrorist organization during the clashes in Cizre between 2015 and 2016. His arrest, detention and prosecution is part of a wave of arrests, dismissals and other legal actions taken against human rights defenders, medical professionals, lawyers, journalists, and academics since July 2015 in the southeast, and throughout Turkey after the failed military coup in July 2016.</p> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">We, members of the international delegation observing the court on 24 April monitored this trial because of concerns about the targeting of members of the medical profession for carrying out their professional responsibilities. Our role, as presented to the Court in advance, was to observe the extent to which international fair trial standards enshrined in international law and binding on Turkey, were applied.</p> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><strong>Our conclusions are that the trial proceedings ignored the most basic of international fair trial standards, and failed to take into account the arbitrary nature of the charges against Dr. Küni</strong>. Our principal concerns about the trial process are summarised below.</p> <ul> <li> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><strong>Arbitrary arrest and detention</strong>: Dr. Küni was accused and ultimately convicted for providing medical treatment to patients. However, doctors cannot refuse to treat patients on the basis of their known or perceived affiliations; a doctor is ethically bound to treat individuals who require medical treatment. To deny medical treatment would have forced Dr. Küni, to breach fundamental aspects of the code of medical ethics, recognised worldwide.</p> </li> <li> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><strong>The admissibility of evidence</strong>: The evidence presented by the prosecution was limited to statements which should have been determined to be inadmissible by the Court.</p> </li> <li> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><strong>Use of anonymous witnesses</strong>: The prosecutor, in his opening statement referred to ‘evidence’ provided by anonymous witness ‘Vatan’. As this witness was never produced in Court, there was no way for the defence to test the veracity of what was alleged, to know the conditions under which the evidence was taken, or indeed to confirm that ‘Vatan’ was a real person. Furthermore, the information contained in the statement of ‘Vatan’ as summarised by the prosecutor, appeared to relate to allegations concerning events in 2012, which were outside the timeframe of the charges set out in the indictment.</p> </li> <li> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><strong>Use of evidence allegedly procured by torture</strong>: the other witness evidence concerned four individuals each of whom alleged that they were forced to sign confessions under torture. Medical reports produced by the prosecution to demonstrate that the confessions were voluntary were contradicted by a medical expert, who pointed to numerous flaws and inconsistencies. No further investigation of the torture allegations is known to have taken place, despite Turkey’s obligations to do so under the Convention Against Torture and the European Convention on Human Rights.</p> </li> <li> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><strong>Reliance on hearsay evidence</strong>: the statements produced by the four witnesses appeared from the prosecutor’s summary to consist wholly of hearsay evidence against Dr. Küni. For example, the statements apparently included qualifications such as “we have heard through our contacts” that Dr. Küni was treating such patients. The prosecutor tendered no direct evidence by any witness.</p> </li> <li><strong>Proof beyond a reasonable doubt</strong>: There was a lack of evidence put forward by the prosecutor. Nonetheless they took the decision to convict Dr. Küni. This contravenes the fundamental principle of the presumption of innocence; a conviction should result only when the evidence of guilt is beyond a reasonable doubt.</li> </ul> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB"><a name="_GoBack" id="_GoBack"></a> <strong>Dr. Küni was on trial as a single doctor, but the manner in which the legal proceedings were conducted have potentially wide-ranging impacts. Through this case, the prosecution has sought to criminalise the basic duties and ethics of the profession, which is in and of itself an act of intimidation and harassment. We are concerned about the precedent this case will set across the medical profession. Our conclusions about fundamental fair trial violations also call into question the impartiality and independence of the judges in this case.</strong></p> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">On behalf of:</p> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">Gunnar M. Ekelove-Slydal, Norwegian Helsinki Committee</p> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">Carla Ferstman, REDRESS</p> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">Ernst Ludwig Iskenius, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, German Affiliate (IPPNW) and German Medical Association</p> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">Barbara Neppert, IPPNW, European section</p> <p align="justify" lang="en-GB" xml:lang="en-GB">Andreas Speck, War Resisters’ International (WRI) and La Transicionera</p> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/turkey-stop-cycle-violence" hreflang="en">Turkey: Stop the cycle of violence</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/465" hreflang="en">Front Page</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/256" hreflang="en">Turkey</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=27224&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="8-9Sb6xEaDmVgYNNwUs73PgcYd7GF0fpTbms8BQGd4A"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Tue, 25 Apr 2017 14:48:03 +0000 Andreas Speck 27224 at https://www.wri-irg.org TURKEY: Urgent call for action for the human rights defender M.Raci Bilici https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2017/turkey-urgent-call-action-human-rights-defender-mraci-bilici <div data-history-node-id="27161" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <time > 17 Mar 2017</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>This is an urgent call from the Human Rights Association (HRA - Turkey) and the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (HRFT) with whom WRI has been working for many years. In the morning of the 15th March, M.Raci Bilici Chairperson of Human Rights Association (İHD) Diyarbakır Branch and Vice-Chairperson of İHD Headquarters has been arrested along with 11 old and new representatives of the NGOs in Diyarbakır. As reported by the HRFT alleged charges are not learned yet due to the confidentiality order on the investigation file. You can respond their call via sending emails and letters of protest to the Turkish officials. See an example email/letter in the attachment below. See the call out from HRA and HRFT below:</p> <h3 class="name post-title entry-title" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 10px; outline: none; list-style: none; border: 0px none; font-size: 28px; font-family: Ubuntu; line-height: 1.1; color: #333333;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; outline: none; list-style: none; border: 0px none;">M.Raci Bilici Must Immediately be Released!</span></h3> <p>Chairperson of Human Rights Association (İHD) Diyarbakır Branch and Vice-Chairperson of İHD Headquarters M.Raci Bilici has been arrested this morning (March 15,2017) and still in custody at Diyarbakır Anti-Terror Branch. By this operation, along with Raci Bilici, 11 old and new representatives of the NGOs in Diyarbakır have been arrested. According to the information obtained by the lawyers, alleged charges are still not learned since morning due to the confidentiality order on the investigation file.</p> <p>Human Rights Association is an internationally recognised human rights organisation and has played a vital role in the promotion of human rights and democracy in Turkey, since 1986.</p> <p>As well-known by everyone, the important role human rights defenders has been recognised in various international documents such as the OSCE Document of the Moscow Meeting (1991), the Vienna Declaration (1993) or the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders (1998). Also, in April 2004 UN prepared fact sheet no.29 titled as ‘Human Rights Defenders: Protecting the Right to defend Human Rights’ to make UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders more clear. Moreover, due to the increased pressure on human rights defenders not only in Turkey but all around the World despite of all these assessments, UN General Assembly adopted a special resolution (70/160) on 17 December 2015 allocated again on UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders and raised their concerns on the matter.</p> <p>All these documents contain provisions protecting human rights defenders who face many risks because of their work for the protection, development and promotion of human rights. Promoting respect for democracy and human rights is only possible when human rights defenders can carry out their work in a safe environment without obstructions.</p> <p>In this regard, we emphasize that M. Raci Bilici carries out all his activities duly in scope of human rights values for many years. The operation against and detention of Raci Bilici is unacceptable under no circumstances.</p> <p>As Human Rights Association and Human Rights Foundation of Turkey, we are calling upon the international community to take urgent action for the release of Raci Bilici and the other NGO representatives.</p> <p>HUMAN RIGHTS ASSOCIATION</p> <p>HUMAN RIGHTS FOUNDATION OF TURKEY</p> <h3>Actions requested:</h3> <p>i. Release M.Raci Bilici and other NGO representatives immediately and unconditionally, as their detention is arbitrary since it only aims at sanctioning the legitimate human rights activities;</p> <p>ii. Put an end to all forms of harassment, including at judicial level, against them, as well as all human rights defenders in Turkey;</p> <p>iii. Comply with all the provisions of abovementioned international documents.</p> <h3>List of Authorities in Turkey</h3> <p>President of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Cumhurbaşkanlığı Külliyesi 06560 Beştepe-Ankara, Phone: (+90 312) 525 55 55, Fax: (+90 312) 525 58 31, E-mail: <a href="mailto:contact@tccb.gov.tr">contact@tccb.gov.tr</a></p> <p>Prime Minister of Turkey, Binali Yıldırım, Vekaletler Caddesi Başbakanlık, Kızılay/Ankara Phone: +90 (312) 422 10 00; Fax +90 (312) 403 62 82 Email: <a href="mailto:ozelkalem@basbakanlik.gov.tr">ozelkalem@basbakanlik.gov.tr</a></p> <p>Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, Dr. Sadık Ahmet Cad, No: 8 Balgat / Ankara - Turkey 06100; Phone : +90 (312) 292 10 00</p> <p>Minister of Justice, Mr. Bekir Bozdağ, 06659 Kizilay, Ankara; Phone: +90 (312) 417 77 70; Fax: +90 (0312) 419 33 70; E-mail: <a href="mailto:info@adalet.gov.tr">info@adalet.gov.tr</a></p> <p>Minister of Interior, Mr. Süleyman Soylu, Bakanlıklar Ankara; Phone: +90 (312) 422 40 00; Fax: 90 312 418 1795; Email: <a href="mailto:ozelkalem@icisleri.gov.tr">ozelkalem@icisleri.gov.tr</a></p> <p>Minister of Health, Mr. Recep Akdağ, Mithatpaşa Cad. Sıhhıye / Ankara 06434-Turkey; Phone: +90 (312) 585 10 00; <a href="mailto:eposta@saglik.gov.tr">eposta@saglik.gov.tr</a></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-upload field--type-file field--label-above"> <div class="field--label">Attached file</div> <div class="field--items"> <div class="field--item"><span class="file file--mime-application-msword file--x-office-document icon-before"><span class="file-icon"><span class="icon glyphicon glyphicon-file text-primary" aria-hidden="true"></span></span><span class="file-link"><a href="https://www.wri-irg.org/sites/default/files/public_files/Letter%20of%20support%20for%20the%20human%20rights%20defenders%20in%20Turkey.doc" type="application/msword; length=13824" title="Open file in new window" target="_blank" data-toggle="tooltip" data-placement="bottom">Letter of support for the human rights defenders in Turkey.doc</a></span><span class="file-size">13.5 KB</span></span></div> </div> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/turkey-stop-cycle-violence" hreflang="en">Turkey: Stop the cycle of violence</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/256" hreflang="en">Turkey</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=27161&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="9dGkaBs4e_XoE5Yz_EXGw0rjxY7Zv94ZdcNL1IXG1pk"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Fri, 17 Mar 2017 16:07:06 +0000 cmoy 27161 at https://www.wri-irg.org Help translate the Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns into Turkish! https://wri-irg.org/en/story/2017/help-translate-handbook-nonviolent-campaigns-turkish <div data-history-node-id="27129" class="node node--type-story node--view-mode-rss ds-1col clearfix"> <time > 22 Feb 2017</time> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p></p><div alt="" data-embed-button="image_embed" data-entity-embed-display="image:responsive_image" data-entity-embed-display-settings="body_inline_1_3" data-entity-type="file" data-entity-uuid="c91a6277-62ed-4283-bfd5-d80687b1d815" title="" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity align-right"> <img srcset="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/max_325x325/public/images/cover%20for%20web.home.jpg?itok=glJgj6pm 1x" src="/sites/default/files/public_files/styles/medium/public/images/cover%20for%20web.home.jpg?itok=K5i5zqwG" alt="" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <p>With the increasing need for solidarity with Turkish civil society, the <a href="http://www.soziale-verteidigung.de/startseite">Bund für Soziale Verteidigung </a>(Foundation for Social Defence) - a WRI affiliate in Germany - are fundraising for 1,400 Euros to print our <a href="/en/pubs/NonviolenceHandbook">Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns</a> in Turkish.</p> <p>This money would go to the Istanbul <a href="http://www.nvrc-sarm.org/">Nonviolent Education and Research Centre</a> who will then distribute the handbook for free in their nonviolence workshops and trainings. Please help activists in Turkey to improve their skills in nonviolent action through using this handbook!</p> <p>Please donate <a href="https://www.generosity.com/education-fundraising/handbuch-gewaltfreiheit-in-turkisch-publizieren">here</a>.</p> <!--break--> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Programmes &amp; Projects</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programme/nonviolence-resources" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Resources</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/programmes/turkey-stop-cycle-violence" hreflang="en">Turkey: Stop the cycle of violence</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Countries</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/256" hreflang="en">Turkey</a></span> </div> <div class="field--label tags--label field-label-above">Theme</div> <div class="wri-main--tags"> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/413" hreflang="en">Nonviolence Handbook</a></span> <span class="rel-tag" > <a href="/en/taxonomy/term/60" hreflang="en">Civil disobedience/NVDA</a></span> </div> <section class="comments"> <h2>Add new comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=27129&amp;2=comment&amp;3=comment" token="bqQ_GjcfEMhy9K3-gG_L70EHXKX2rtCyFprihBzX3ng"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> </div> Wed, 22 Feb 2017 16:40:05 +0000 HBrock 27129 at https://www.wri-irg.org