Unterstützt türkische Kriegsdienstverweigerer

Seit der Verhaftung des Kriegsdienstverweigerers Mehmet Tarhan am 8. April scheint die Situation für türkische Kriegsdienstverweigerer schwieriger zu werden. Das bedeutet, das die internationale Unterstützung für türkische Verweigerer wichtiger geworden ist. Diese Seite beinhaltet Links zu KDV-Erklärungen und zu aktuellen WRI-Alarm-emails, sowie zu Berichten zur Situation der Kriegsdienstverweigerung in der Türkei.


Erklärungen der WRI

09 Feb 2011
Englisch

War Resisters' International (WRI), an international network of pacifist and antimilitarist organisations with more than 90 affiliates in more than 40 countries, condemns the persecution of Turkish antimilitarist and feminist Pinar Selek. For 12 years now, Pinar Selek has been under prosecution for a crime she did not commit and in connection with which there is no evidence against her - the so-called bombing of the Spice Bazaar in Istanbul on 09 July 1998. Pinar Selek was arrested in 1998, tortured during investigation and spent two and a half years in prison.

02 Jul 2005
Englisch

The council meeting of War Resisters' International in Seoul, Korea 30 June - 2 July 2005 demands the immediate release of conscientious objector Mehmet Tarhan and the full recognition of his right to consceintious objection. Mehmet Tarhan is a well known activist on issues of antimilitarism and gay rights in Turkey. He was arrested on April 8th, 2005, on the grounds he was a "roll call deserter".

KDV-Alarme

19 Jul 2013
Englisch

Onur ErdenOnur ErdenAfter his demand for political asylum was rejected by the Republic of Cyprus, Turkish conscientious objector Onur Erden was deported back to Istanbul via Jordan on Thursday, July 11th. He was arrested after his appearance in the court and transferred to military prison in Kasimpasa Naval Base in Istanbul. On 17 July, he was transferred to the 2nd Army Corps Command Military Prison in Gelibolu, Çanakkale. He remains in custody.

08 Mär 2013
Englisch

On 27th February, conscientious objector Ali Fikri Işık was sentenced to serve 1 year and 15 days in Edirne Military Prison for 'desertion'. Since 27th February, Ali Fikri Işık has been on hunger strike.

Isik has already served 4.5 months in Edirne Military Prison for 'draft evasion'. He declared his conscientious objection whilst on trial in the military court.

You can send a protest email here.

Background information

21 Sep 2012
Englisch

War Resisters' International has learnt of the reimprisonment of conscientious objector İnan Suver on 12 September 2012. He was arrested in Istanbul during a routine identity check.

He has been re-arrested for escaping from hospital whilst serving a prison sentence for conscientious objection.

İnan was sentenced in absentia to five months imprisonment for his escape from prison.

29 Feb 2012
Englisch

Halil SavdaHalil SavdaOn Friday, 24 February 2012, Turkish conscientious objector Halil Savda was arrested at 6.00am in the morning to serve a 100 days sentence for "alienating the people from the military" (Article 318 Turkish penal code).

28 Nov 2011
Englisch

War Resisters' International has been informed that conscientious objector Muhammed Serdar Delice has been arrested last night. War Resisters' International presently does not know where he is being held, or what he is charged with.

Andere Artikel

27 Feb 2012
Englisch

Contribution for press conference, Istanbul, 27 February 2012

My name is Andreas Speck, and I am representing War Resisters' International.

WRI is an international antimilitarist network founded in 1921, and is today present in about 40 countries all over the world.

WRI is opposed to all war, because we believe that war is a crime against humanity.

We see conscientious objection not only as a human right, but as a form of resistance to war and militarism.

27 Feb 2012
Englisch

Dear Press Representatives,

We, conscientious objectors and antimilitarists of Turkey who oppose compulsory military service based on various motivations as beliefs, political and conscientious convictions held a meeting in Istanbul on 25-26 February 2012 with the participation of representatives from the Quaker United Nations Office, Amnesty International, the War Resisters’ International and Connection e.V.

17 Jan 2012
Englisch

DEUXIÈME SECTION

AFFAIRE FETİ DEMİRTAŞ c. TURQUIE

(Requête no 5260/07)

ARRÊT

STRASBOURG

17 janvier 2012

Cet arrêt deviendra définitif dans les conditions définies à l’article 44 § 2 de la Convention. Il peut subir des retouches de forme.

En l’affaire Feti Demirtaş c. Turquie,

La Cour européenne des droits de l’homme (deuxième section), siégeant en une chambre composée de :

Françoise Tulkens, présidente,
Danutė Jočienė,
Dragoljub Popović,
Isabelle Berro-Lefèvre,
András Sajó,
Işıl Karakaş,
Guido Raimondi, juges,

21 Dez 2011
Deutsch

Bericht an die UN-Menschenrechtskommission, 104. Sitzung

London, Dezember 2011

Zusammenfassung

War Resisters‘ International (WRI) ist besorgt über die schweren Menschenrechtsverletzungen gegenüber Kriegsdienstverweigerern und AntimilitaristInnen in der Türkei. Die wesentlichsten Punkte sind:


  • Die Türkei erkennt trotz Wehrpflicht das Recht auf Kriegsdienstverweigerung nicht an.
  • Kriegsdienstverweigerer werden wiederholt verurteilt, wegen ihrer Weigerung, Militärdienst abzuleisten. Sie werden wegen Desertion, Ungehorsam oder Gehorsamsverweigerung verurteilt. Dies stellt eine Verletzung der Artikel 18 und 14 des Internationalen Paktes über bürgerliche und politische Rechte dar.
  • Im Gefängnis sind Kriegsdienstverweigerer oft Misshandlungen und schlechter Behandlung sowohl von der Gefängnisverwaltung als auch von anderen Gefangenen ausgesetzt.
  • Auch nach ihrer Freilassung aus dem Gefängnis leben Kriegsdienstverweigerer oft in einem rechtlichen Schwebezustand, eine Situation, die der Europäische Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte als „zivilen Tod“ bezeichnet. Sie können nicht heiraten, ihre Kinder nicht registrieren lassen, nicht legal arbeiten, keinen Ausweis bekommen oder sich bezüglich irgend einer anderen Sache an die Behörden wenden. Das gleiche trifft auch auf diejenigen zu, die ihre Kriegsdienstverweigerung erklärt haben, aber nicht verhaftet wurden.
  • Kriegsdienstverweigerer und Pazifisten sehen sich oft mit Anklagen wegen „Distanzierung des Volkes vom Militär“ (Artikel 318 des Türkischen Strafgesetzbuches) konfrontiert, weil sie das Militär kritisiert haben oder über die Kriegsdienstverweigerung sprachen. Das verletzt Artikel 19 des Internationalen Paktes.

01 Dez 2011
Englisch

On 22 November 2011, a Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights reaffirmed the right to conscientious objection in its judgement in the case of Erçep v. Turkey (application no. 43965/04). The case concerned a Jehovah's Witness from Turkey, who had been repeatedly imprisoned for his refusal to perform military service following approximately 15 call-ups.

08 Jun 2011
Englisch

39437/98 Ülke, judgment of 24/01/2006, final on 24/04/2006

Interim Resolution CM/ResDH(2007)109 and CM/ResDH(2009)45,

DD(2009)556, DD(2010)107

Decision

The Deputies,

1. took note of the information provided by the Turkish authorities during the meeting that the applicant in this case is not deprived of his liberty;

2. regretted, however, that no information has been provided regarding as to whether the applicant is still being searched for or not;

05 Jan 2011
Englisch

By Hilal Demir, War Resisters' International

Why did we, Turkish women, declare conscientious objection though we are not subject to compulsory military service in Turkey? Here I record some problems and dynamics of conscientious objection, the contributions of women’s conscientious objection declarations to the movement, and the resulting discussions.

Living in a patriarchal culture, I think that all the opposition movements, including feminism, have the continuous risk of becoming “masculinized”. This is a risk so strong as to cause the fading away of most movements.

07 Jul 2010
Englisch

Amnesty International reports that conscientious objector Halil Savda and three other activists were convicted on 17 June 2010 under Article 318 of the Turkish Penal Code which criminalises ‘alienating the public from military service’.

21 Jun 2010
Englisch

Posted: 21 June 2010

On 17 June 2010 human rights defender Halil Savda and three other activists were convicted under Article 318 of the Turkish Penal Code which criminalises ‘alienating the public from military service’. The case was opened against them following their attendance at a public demonstration on 6 January 2010 in support of conscientious objector and Amnesty International prisoner of conscience, Enver Aydemir, who had been in military detention since 24 December 2009 for refusing to perform military service.

Forumbeiträge

14 Aug 2012

Criticized in the previous years for asking gays to bring photos of them taken during sexual intercourse in order for them to receive a so-called “rotten” (unfit) report that would exempt them from mandatory military service, Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) now gave up on this method and found a derivative of it.

01 Aug 2012

Turkey’s first conscientious objector to mandatory military service passed away at the age of 54 due to a heart attack on Monday night. A doctor by training, Tayfun Gönül had made critical contributions to the antimilitarist movement in Turkey, according to his friends.

Ekin KARACA, ekin@bianet.org
BIA News Center
31 July 2012, Tuesday
http://www.bianet.org/english/freedom-of-expression/140046-turkey-s-firs...

27 Jun 2012

Defense Minister İsmet Yılmaz has said his ministry is continuing to work on options for dealing with conscientious objectors.

Speaking to reporters on Wednesday, the minister said their efforts are aimed at protecting the Turkish state from new fines to be imposed by the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) due to Turkey's policy of mandatory military service. In Turkey, military service is compulsory for all male citizens over the age of 20; however, if a man is enrolled in an institution of higher learning, he is allowed to delay his service until he completes his education.

22 Mai 2012

At the end of Conscientious Objection Week, 14 people declared their conscientious objections following the march from Tünel to Taksim Square.

At the end of Conscientious Objection Week, conscientious objectors and anti-militarists came together at Tunel district and marched to Taksim Square. Following the march and the press statement, 14 people declared their conscientious objections.

10 Apr 2012

ANKARA - Hürriyet Daily News

The new constitution being prepared is an opportunity to introduce alternative forms of military service and an individual right to object to using a gun or oppose all military service activities, conscientious objectors tell a commission working on the new charter, highlighting a European Council decision favoring such rights.

The Conscientious Objectors Platform made a presentation at Parliament’s constitution-making commission yesterday to demand the right for males to opt out of compulsory military service.

12 Mär 2012

The Malatya Military Court claimed that decisions of the ECHR regarding conscientious objection could also be applied to domestic law in the scope of Article 90 of the Constitution. This landmark ruling was the result of the trial against conscientious objector Delice.

Ekin KARACA
ekin@bianet.org
Malatya - Izmir - Bia News Agency

12 March 2012, Monday
http://bianet.org/english/religion/136857-milestone-decision-for-conscie...

29 Feb 2012

Conscientious objector Savda was arrested and taken to prison upon the approval of a five-month prison sentence on charges of "alienating the public from military service". Amnesty International Turkey and the Human Rights Foundation condemned his arrest.

Conscientious objector Halil Savda was taken into police custody at a hotel in Doğubeyazıt (Ağrı/eastern Turkey) at around six o'clock on Friday morning (24 February). He was brought to the Doğubeyazıt Closed Prison.

21 Jun 2010
Englisch

Posted: 21 June 2010

On 17 June 2010 human rights defender Halil Savda and three other activists were convicted under Article 318 of the Turkish Penal Code which criminalises ‘alienating the public from military service’. The case was opened against them following their attendance at a public demonstration on 6 January 2010 in support of conscientious objector and Amnesty International prisoner of conscience, Enver Aydemir, who had been in military detention since 24 December 2009 for refusing to perform military service.

11 Jun 2010
Englisch

Conscientious objector Aydemir was relaeased upon an "incapability report". His lawyer criticized that the legislation lacks provisions on conscientious objection. Turkey is one of three countries of the European Council that does not recognize the right to conscientious objection.

Istanbul - BİA News Center
11 June 2010, Friday

20 Nov 2009
Englisch

http://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/news/soldiers-convicted-ill-t...

19 November 2009
Amnesty International has welcomed the conviction of three Turkish soldiers for “intentionally wounding” a conscientious objector while he was in military custody.

A military court in Istanbul sentenced the soldiers to three months and 10 days' imprisonment on 13 November for the “intentional wounding” of Mehmet Bal in June 2008.

Mehmet Bal was arrested for evading military service on 8 June and detained at Hasdal Military Prison in Istanbul.